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Creative Destruction and Firm-Specific Performance Heterogeneity

  • Hyunbae Chun
  • Jung-Wook Kim
  • Randall Morck
  • Bernard Yeung

Traditional U.S. industries with higher firm-specific stock return and fundamentals performance heterogeneity use information technology (IT) more intensively and post faster productivity growth in the late 20th century. We argue that elevated firm performance heterogeneity mechanically reflects a wave of Schumpeter's (1912) creative destruction disrupting a wide swath of U.S. industries, with newly successful IT adopters unpredictably undermining established firms. This evidence validates endogenous growth theory models of creative destruction, such as Aghion and Howitt (1992); and suggests that recent findings of more elevated firm-specific performance variation in richer, faster growing countries with more transparent accounting, better financial systems, and more secure property rights might partly reflect more intensive creative destruction in those economies.

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Paper provided by National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc in its series NBER Working Papers with number 13011.

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Date of creation: Apr 2007
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Publication status: published as Chun, Hyunbae & Kim, Jung-Wook & Morck, Randall & Yeung, Bernard, 2008. "Creative destruction and firm-specific performance heterogeneity," Journal of Financial Economics, Elsevier, vol. 89(1), pages 109-135, July.
Handle: RePEc:nbr:nberwo:13011
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