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Tariff Elimination versus Tax Avoidance: Free Trade Agreements and Transfer Pricing

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  • Mukunoki, Hiroshi
  • Okoshi, Hirofumi

Abstract

prises (MNEs) manipulate their transfer prices to avoid a high corporate tax. ROO of a free trade agreement (FTA) require exporters to identify the origin of exports to be eligible for a preferential tariff rate. The results suggest that a value-added criterion of ROO restricts MNEs’ abusive transfer pricing. Interestingly, an FTA with ROO can induce MNEs to shift profits from a low-tax country to a high-tax country. Because ROO augment tax revenues inside FTA countries, they can transform a welfare-reducing FTA into a welfare-improving FTA.

Suggested Citation

  • Mukunoki, Hiroshi & Okoshi, Hirofumi, 2020. "Tariff Elimination versus Tax Avoidance: Free Trade Agreements and Transfer Pricing," Discussion Papers in Economics 71608, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
  • Handle: RePEc:lmu:muenec:71608
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    1. Mukunoki, Hiroshi & Okoshi, Hirofumi, 2019. "Rules of Origin and Consumer-Hurting Free Trade Agreements," Discussion Papers in Economics 61759, University of Munich, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Rules of origin; Free trade agreement; Transfer pricing;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F13 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Trade Policy; International Trade Organizations
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance

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