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Transfer Pricing Regulation and Tax Competition

Author

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  • Jay Pil CHOI
  • FURUSAWA Taiji
  • ISHIKAWA Jota

Abstract

The paper analyzes multinational enterprises' incentives to manipulate internal transfer prices to take advantage of tax differences across countries, and implications of transfer-pricing regulations as a countermeasure against such profit shifting. We find that tax-motivated foreign direct investment (FDI) may entail inefficient internal production but may benefit consumers. Thus, encouraging transfer-pricing behavior to some extent can enhance social welfare. Furthermore, we consider tax competition between two countries in order to explore the interplay with transfer-pricing regulations. We show that the FDI source country will be willing to set a higher tax rate and tolerate some profit shifting to a tax haven country if the regulation is tight enough. We also indicate a novel mechanism through which it is the larger country that undertakes tax-motivated FDI, the pattern we often observe in reality.

Suggested Citation

  • Jay Pil CHOI & FURUSAWA Taiji & ISHIKAWA Jota, 2020. "Transfer Pricing Regulation and Tax Competition," Discussion papers 20035, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
  • Handle: RePEc:eti:dpaper:20035
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Kato, Hayato & Okoshi, Hiofumi, 2019. "Economic Integration and Agglomeration of Multinational Production with Transfer Pricing," Discussion Papers in Economics 62013, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    2. Andreas Haufler & Dirk Schindler, 2020. "Attracting Profit Shifting or Fostering Innovation? On Patent Boxes and R&D Subsidies," CESifo Working Paper Series 8640, CESifo.
    3. Xu, Lili & Lee, Sang-Ho, 2020. "Corporate Profit Tax and Strategic Corporate Social Responsibility under Foreign Acquisition," MPRA Paper 102313, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • F12 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Models of Trade with Imperfect Competition and Scale Economies; Fragmentation
    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance
    • L12 - Industrial Organization - - Market Structure, Firm Strategy, and Market Performance - - - Monopoly; Monopolization Strategies
    • L51 - Industrial Organization - - Regulation and Industrial Policy - - - Economics of Regulation

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