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Heterogeneous Firms, 'Profit Shifting' FDI and International Tax Competition

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  • Sebastian Krautheim
  • Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr

Abstract

We develop a stylized model of international tax competition between a large country and a tax haven. In the large country, firms in a monopolistically competitive industry generate positive profits which can be taxed by the government. Firms have heterogeneous productivity levels and can choose to undertake `profit shifting' FDI in order to benefit from lower tax rates abroad. We find that economies with a low degree of firm heterogeneity and a high degree of monopolistic market power are less affected by international tax competition. They face lower out flows of the tax base and can set higher tax rates.

Suggested Citation

  • Sebastian Krautheim & Tim Schmidt-Eisenlohr, 2009. "Heterogeneous Firms, 'Profit Shifting' FDI and International Tax Competition," Economics Working Papers ECO2009/15, European University Institute.
  • Handle: RePEc:eui:euiwps:eco2009/15
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    Keywords

    heterogeneous firms; monopolistic competition; tax competition; tax havens;

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H87 - Public Economics - - Miscellaneous Issues - - - International Fiscal Issues; International Public Goods

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