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Tax competition in a simple model with heterogeneous firms: How larger markets reduce profit taxes

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  • Andreas Haufler

    () (University of Munich and CESifo)

  • Frank Staehler

    () (University of Wuerzburg and CESifo)

Abstract

We set up a simple two-country model of tax competition where firms with different productivity decide in which location to produce and sell output. In this model a unique, asymmetric Nash equilibrium can be shown to exist, provided that countries are sufficiently different with respect to their exogenous market conditions. Sorting of firms occurs in equilibrium, as the smaller country levies the lower tax rate and attracts the low-cost ¯rms. A simultaneous expansion of both markets that raises the profitability of firms intensifies tax competition and causes both countries to reduce their tax rates, despite higher corporate tax bases. This finding corresponds to the empirical evidence for the OECD countries over the last two decades.

Suggested Citation

  • Andreas Haufler & Frank Staehler, 2010. "Tax competition in a simple model with heterogeneous firms: How larger markets reduce profit taxes," Working Papers 1020, Oxford University Centre for Business Taxation.
  • Handle: RePEc:btx:wpaper:1020
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    1. repec:mje:mjejnl:v:14:y:2018:i:1:p:133-141 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Langenmayr, Dominika & Haufler, Andreas & Bauer, Christian J., 2015. "Should tax policy favor high- or low-productivity firms?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 73(C), pages 18-34.
    3. Becker, Johannes & Runkel, Marco, 2012. "Even small trade costs restore efficiency in tax competition," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 72(2), pages 191-195.
    4. Johannes Becker & Clemens Fuest, 2011. "Optimal tax policy when firms are internationally mobile," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 18(5), pages 580-604, October.
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    6. Peter Egger & Horst Raff, 2015. "Tax rate and tax base competition for foreign direct investment," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 22(5), pages 777-810, October.
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    10. Schwab, Thomas & Todtenhaupt, Maximilian, 2017. "Spillover from the Haven: Cross-border Externalities of Patent Box Regimes within Multinational Firms," Annual Conference 2017 (Vienna): Alternative Structures for Money and Banking 168148, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
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    16. MORITA Tadashi & SAWADA Yukiko & YAMAMOTO Kazuhiro, 2016. "Subsidy Competition, Imperfect Labor Market, and Endogenous Entry of Firms," Discussion papers 16096, Research Institute of Economy, Trade and Industry (RIETI).
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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H73 - Public Economics - - State and Local Government; Intergovernmental Relations - - - Interjurisdictional Differentials and Their Effects
    • F15 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Economic Integration
    • F21 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Investment; Long-Term Capital Movements

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