Economic Geography and the Fiscal Effects of Regional Integration
In models of economic geography, plant-level scale economies and trade costs create incentives for spatial agglomeration of production into a manufacturing core and agricultural periphery, creating regional income differentials. We examine tax competition between national governments to influence the location of manufacturing activity. Labour is imperfectly mobile and governments impose redistributive taxes. Regional integration is modeled as either increased labour mobility or lower trade costs. We show that either type of integration may result in a decrease in the intensity of tax competition, and thus higher equilibrium taxes. Moreover, economic integration must increase taxes when the forces of agglomeration are the strongest.
|Date of creation:||20 Jan 1998|
|Date of revision:|
|Note:||Type of Document - MS Word; prepared on IBM PC ; to print on HP; pages: 38 ; figures: included. * Drafts of this paper have been presented at the European Science Foundation conference on Migration and Development, Mont Ste-Odile, May 1996; a Workshop on International Trade and Factor Movements between Distorted Economies held by the University of Konstanz, July 1996; the annual meeting of the American Economic Association, New Orleans, January 1997; the Midwest International Economics conference, May 1997; and workshops at EPRU, Copenhagen in July 1997 and the Tinbergen Institute, Rotterdam in November 1997. We are grateful to participants for their comments and suggestions.|
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