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Unilateral Tax Reform: Border Adjusted Taxes, Cash Flow Taxes, and Transfer Pricing

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  • Eric Bond
  • Thomas A. Gresik

Abstract

We study the economic effects of unilateral adoption of corporate tax policies that include destination-based taxes and/or cash ow taxes in a heterogeneous agent model in which multinational firms can endogenously shift income between countries using transfer prices. Standard pass through arguments no longer apply because of the income shifting behavior of multinationals. Over or under- pass through will affect domestic consumer prices charged by multinational firms and will distort the decision of international businesses to outsource intermediate goods or to produce them in a foreign subsidiary. The welfare of the adopting country can decrease both with the adoption of destination-based taxes and the adoption of cash ow taxes. For a country with sufficiently large export markets that can optimally adjust its corporate tax rate on domestic earnings, unilaterally adopting cash ow taxation with full destination-based rate adjustments will reduce welfare.

Suggested Citation

  • Eric Bond & Thomas A. Gresik, 2018. "Unilateral Tax Reform: Border Adjusted Taxes, Cash Flow Taxes, and Transfer Pricing," CESifo Working Paper Series 7320, CESifo.
  • Handle: RePEc:ces:ceswps:_7320
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Manon François, 2021. "Profit Shifting and Equilibrium Principles of International Taxation," PSE Working Papers halshs-03265056, HAL.
    2. Shafik Hebous & Alexander Klemm, 2020. "A destination-based allowance for corporate equity," International Tax and Public Finance, Springer;International Institute of Public Finance, vol. 27(3), pages 753-777, June.
    3. Thomas A. Gresik & Eric Bond, 2021. "Can Destination-Based Cash Flow Taxes Arise in Equilibrium?," CESifo Working Paper Series 8836, CESifo.
    4. Lioara-Veronica Pasc & Camelia-Daniela Hațegan, 2020. "Related Parties’ Transactions: A Literature Overview on Auditor’s Risk," Ovidius University Annals, Economic Sciences Series, Ovidius University of Constantza, Faculty of Economic Sciences, vol. 0(2), pages 1021-1030, December.
    5. Kato, Hayato & Okoshi, Hiofumi, 2019. "Economic Integration and Agglomeration of Multinational Production with Transfer Pricing," Discussion Papers in Economics 62013, University of Munich, Department of Economics.
    6. Quint, Ansgar F. & Rudsinske, Jonas F., 2020. "International trade and tax-motivated transfer pricing," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 406, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    border adjustments; destination-based taxes; source-based taxes; cash flow taxes; income taxes; transfer pricing; unilateral tax reform;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • F23 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - Multinational Firms; International Business
    • H21 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Efficiency; Optimal Taxation
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance

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