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Export sophistication: A dynamic panel data approach

Author

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  • Evzen Kocenda

    () (Institute of Economic Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences, Charles University in Prague, Czech Republic)

  • Karen Poghosyan

    () (Central Bank of Armenia, Economic Research Department, Yerevan, Armenia)

Abstract

In this paper we analyze export sophistication based on a large panel dataset (2001?2015; 101 countries) and using various estimation algorithms. Using Monte Carlo simulations we evaluate the bias properties of estimators and show that GMM-type estimators outperform instrumentalvariable and fixed-effects estimators. Based on our analysis we document that GDP per capita and the size of the economy exhibit significant and positive effects on export sophistication; weak institutional quality exhibits negative effect. We also show that export sophistication is path-dependent and stable even during a major economic crisis, which is especially important for emerging and developing economies.

Suggested Citation

  • Evzen Kocenda & Karen Poghosyan, 2017. "Export sophistication: A dynamic panel data approach," KIER Working Papers 980 Classification-C52; C, Kyoto University, Institute of Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:kyo:wpaper:980
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Baumöhl, Eduard & Iwasaki, Ichiro & Kočenda, Evžen, 2018. "Institutions and Determinants of Firm Survival in European Emerging Markets," CEI Working Paper Series 2018-1, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    international trade; export sophistication; emerging and developing economies; specialization; dynamic panel data; Monte Carlo simulation; panel data estimators;

    JEL classification:

    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection
    • C53 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Forecasting and Prediction Models; Simulation Methods
    • F14 - International Economics - - Trade - - - Empirical Studies of Trade
    • F47 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Forecasting and Simulation: Models and Applications
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations

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