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Does Corruption Promote Emigration? An Empirical Examination

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  • Cooray, Arusha

    (University of Wollongong)

  • Schneider, Friedrich

    (University of Linz)

Abstract

This paper empirically investigates the relationship between corruption and the emigration of those with high, medium and low levels of educational attainment. The empirical results indicate that as corruption increases the emigration rate of those with high levels of educational attainment also increases. The emigration rate of those with middle and low levels of educational attainment, however, increases at initial levels of corruption and then decreases beyond a certain point. Splitting the sample by income inequality suggests that increased inequality reduces the ability to emigrate. The policy conclusion is, that government actions should focus on controlling corruption, which in turn would lead to funds being channeled more productively into education and also lead to a fall in inequality which would reduce emigration.

Suggested Citation

  • Cooray, Arusha & Schneider, Friedrich, 2014. "Does Corruption Promote Emigration? An Empirical Examination," IZA Discussion Papers 8094, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp8094
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    Cited by:

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    2. Eugen Dimant & Guglielmo Tosato, 2018. "Causes And Effects Of Corruption: What Has Past Decade'S Empirical Research Taught Us? A Survey," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(2), pages 335-356, April.
    3. Galinato, Gregmar I. & Chouinard, Hayley H., 2018. "Strategic interaction and institutional quality determinants of environmental regulations," Resource and Energy Economics, Elsevier, vol. 53(C), pages 114-132.
    4. Eugen Dimant & Tim Krieger & Margarete Redlin, 2014. "A Crook is a Crook ... But is He Still a Crook Abroad? On the Effect of Immigration on Destination-Country Corruption," CESifo Working Paper Series 5032, CESifo.
    5. Cooray, Arusha & Dzhumashev, Ratbek, 2018. "The effect of corruption on labour market outcomes," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 74(C), pages 207-218.
    6. Mawusse K.N. Okey, 2016. "Corruption And Emigration Of Physicians From Africa," Journal of Economic Development, Chung-Ang Unviersity, Department of Economics, vol. 41(2), pages 27-52, June.
    7. Thierry Baudassé & Rémi Bazillier & Ismaël Issifou, 2018. "Migration And Institutions: Exit And Voice (From Abroad)?," Journal of Economic Surveys, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 32(3), pages 727-766, July.
    8. Marko Danon, 2014. "Constructing a Novel Competitiveness Index for European Regions," GREDEG Working Papers 2014-42, Groupe de REcherche en Droit, Economie, Gestion (GREDEG CNRS), Université Côte d'Azur, France.
    9. Begu Liviu-Stelian & Davidescu Adriana AnaMaria & Apostu Simona-Andreea & Enache Andreea-Oana, 2019. "Does migration influence corruption in Europe?," Proceedings of the International Conference on Business Excellence, Sciendo, vol. 13(1), pages 468-478, May.
    10. Dimant Eugen & Redlin Margarete & Krieger Tim, 2015. "A Crook is a Crook . . . But is He Still a Crook Abroad? On the Effect of Immigration on Destination-Country Corruption," German Economic Review, De Gruyter, vol. 16(4), pages 464-489, December.
    11. Ouyang, Alice Y. & Paul, Saumik, 2018. "The effect of skilled emigration on real exchange rates through the wage channel," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 89(C), pages 139-153.
    12. Amira Mohamed Emara, 2020. "The Impact of Corruption on Human Development in Egypt," Asian Economic and Financial Review, Asian Economic and Social Society, vol. 10(5), pages 574-589, May.
    13. Z. Eylem Gevrek & Pinar Kunt & Heinrich W. Ursprung, 2021. "Education, political discontent, and emigration intentions: evidence from a natural experiment in Turkey," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 186(3), pages 563-585, March.
    14. Daniel Meierrieks & Laura Renner, 2017. "Stymied ambition: does a lack of economic freedom lead to migration?," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 30(3), pages 977-1005, July.
    15. Sabna Ali & Syed Mansoob Murshed & Elissaios Papyrakis, 2020. "Happiness and the Resource Curse," Journal of Happiness Studies, Springer, vol. 21(2), pages 437-464, February.
    16. Auer, Daniel & Römer, Friederike & Tjaden, Jasper, 2020. "Corruption and the Desire to Leave Quasi-Experimental Evidence on Corruption as a Driver of Emigration Intentions," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    17. Mungiu-Pippidi, Alina & Hartmann, Till, 2019. "Corruption and Development: A Reappraisal," EconStor Open Access Articles, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    18. Chandan Jha & Bibhudutta Panda, 2017. "Individualism and Corruption: A Cross-Country Analysis," Economic Papers, The Economic Society of Australia, vol. 36(1), pages 60-74, March.
    19. Simon Winter, 2020. "“It’s the Economy, Stupid!”: On the Relative Impact of Political and Economic Determinants on Migration," Population Research and Policy Review, Springer;Southern Demographic Association (SDA), vol. 39(2), pages 207-252, April.
    20. Schylar Brock & Beatriz Maldonado, 2017. "Women’s rights and the patterns of migration," Economics and Business Letters, Oviedo University Press, vol. 6(1), pages 20-27.
    21. Campbell, Anne C. & Lavallee, Chelsea A. & Kelly-Weber, Erin, 2021. "International scholarships and home country civil service: Comparing perspectives of government employment for social change in Ghana and Nigeria," International Journal of Educational Development, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
    22. Z. Eylem Gevrek & Pinar Kunt & Heinrich Ursprung, 2019. "Education, Political Discontent, and Emigration Intentions: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Turkey," CESifo Working Paper Series 7710, CESifo.
    23. Marie Poprawe, 2015. "On the relationship between corruption and migration: empirical evidence from a gravity model of migration," Public Choice, Springer, vol. 163(3), pages 337-354, June.
    24. Guzi, Martin & Mikula, Stepan, 2018. "Reforms That Keep You at Home: The Effects of Economic Transition on Migration," IZA Discussion Papers 11369, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    corruption; emigration; educational attainment; government expenditures; income inequality; labor markets;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • O17 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Formal and Informal Sectors; Shadow Economy; Institutional Arrangements
    • O5 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economywide Country Studies
    • D78 - Microeconomics - - Analysis of Collective Decision-Making - - - Positive Analysis of Policy Formulation and Implementation
    • H2 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue
    • H11 - Public Economics - - Structure and Scope of Government - - - Structure and Scope of Government
    • H26 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Tax Evasion and Avoidance

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