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The effects of development on migration: Theoretical issues and new empirical evidence

Author

Listed:
  • Ralph Rotte

    () (University of the German Armed Forces, Munich and CEPR, London)

  • Michael Vogler

    () (IZA, P.O. Box 7240, 53072 Bonn, Germany)

Abstract

Empirical research on the determinants of emigration from the LDCs has so far given little emphasis to the complex relationship of development and migration. Since the beginning of the 1990s several arguments have been put forth which hint at the possibility that in the early stages of development economic progress might lead to more migration, even if income differentials to the potential destination regions decrease. This paper presents these arguments and tests them for the case of migration to Germany from 86 Asian and African countries from 1981 to 1995. The results confirm the importance of financial restrictions on migration, migration networks, and changes in the societal structure of the sending countries as well as the existence of a home preference. The estimations also control for the political situation in the home countries and for institutional measures in the host country.

Suggested Citation

  • Ralph Rotte & Michael Vogler, 2000. "The effects of development on migration: Theoretical issues and new empirical evidence," Journal of Population Economics, Springer;European Society for Population Economics, vol. 13(3), pages 485-508.
  • Handle: RePEc:spr:jopoec:v:13:y:2000:i:3:p:485-508
    Note: Received: 18 May 1998/Accepted: 6 March 2000
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    Keywords

    Migration · international migration · developing countries;

    JEL classification:

    • F22 - International Economics - - International Factor Movements and International Business - - - International Migration
    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • O19 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - International Linkages to Development; Role of International Organizations

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