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Exploring the Links Between Corruption and Growth

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  • Andrew Hodge
  • Sriram Shankar
  • D. S. Prasada Rao
  • Alan Duhs

Abstract

Corruption is a widespread phenomenon, but relatively little is confidently known about its macroeconomic consequences. This paper explicitly models the transmission channels through which corruption indirectly affects growth. Results suggest that corruption hinders growth through its adverse effects on investment in physical capital, human capital, and political instability. Concurrently, corruption is found to foster growth by reducing government consumption and, less robustly, increasing trade openness. Overall, a total negative effect of corruption on growth is estimated from these channels. These effects are found to be robust to modifications in model specification, sample coverage, and estimation techniques as well as tests for model exhaustiveness. Moreover, the results appear supportive of the notion that the negative effect of corruption on growth is diminished in economies with low governance levels or a high degree of regulation. No one-size-fits-all policy response appears supportable.
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Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Hodge & Sriram Shankar & D. S. Prasada Rao & Alan Duhs, 2011. "Exploring the Links Between Corruption and Growth," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 15(3), pages 474-490, August.
  • Handle: RePEc:bla:rdevec:v:15:y:2011:i:3:p:474-490
    DOI: j.1467-9361.2011.00621.x
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    3. Nguyen, Ngoc Anh & Nguyen, Ngoc-Minh & Tran-Nam, Binh, 2014. "Corruption and economic growth, with a focus on Vietnam," MPRA Paper 84728, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised 2015.
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    5. António Afonso & Eduardo de Sá Fortes Leitão Rodrigues, 2021. "Corruption and Economic Growth: Does the Size of the Government Matter?," EconPol Working Paper 60, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
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    7. Fernando Delbianco & Carlos Dabús & María angeles Caraballo pou, 2016. "Growth, Inequality and Corruption: Evidence from Developing Countries," Economics Bulletin, AccessEcon, vol. 36(3), pages 1811-1820.
    8. DeMaria, Federica & Franco, Chiara & Solferino, Nazaria, 2015. "Corruption and innovation: the mediating role of trade," AICCON Working Papers 139-2015, Associazione Italiana per la Cultura della Cooperazione e del Non Profit.
    9. Cieślik, Andrzej & Goczek, Łukasz, 2018. "Control of corruption, international investment, and economic growth – Evidence from panel data," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 103(C), pages 323-335.
    10. Erum, Naila & Hussain, Shahzad, 2019. "Corruption, natural resources and economic growth: Evidence from OIC countries," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 63(C), pages 1-1.
    11. Adisa Arapoviæ Craig A. Depken, II Mirsad Hadžikadiæ, 2017. "Corruption in Transition Economies: Cause or Effect?," Zagreb International Review of Economics and Business, Faculty of Economics and Business, University of Zagreb, vol. 20(1), pages 113-123, May.
    12. Angkeara Bong & Gamini Premaratne, 2018. "Regional Integration and Economic Growth in Southeast Asia," Global Business Review, International Management Institute, vol. 19(6), pages 1403-1415, December.
    13. Aisha Ismail & Kashif Rashid, 2014. "Time series analysis of the nexus among corruption, political instability and judicial inefficiency in Pakistan," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 48(5), pages 2757-2771, September.
    14. Christopher L. Ambrey & Christopher M. Fleming & Matthew Manning & Christine Smith, 2016. "On the Confluence of Freedom of the Press, Control of Corruption and Societal Welfare," Social Indicators Research: An International and Interdisciplinary Journal for Quality-of-Life Measurement, Springer, vol. 128(2), pages 859-880, September.
    15. Madhu Sehrawat & Sanjay Kumar Singh, 2021. "Do Corruption and Income Inequality Play Spoilsport in The Energy Efficiency-Growth Relationship in BRICS Countries?," Journal of Quantitative Economics, Springer;The Indian Econometric Society (TIES), vol. 19(4), pages 727-746, December.
    16. Şerife Özşahin & Gülbahar Üçler, 2017. "The Consequences of Corruption on Inflation in Developing Countries: Evidence from Panel Cointegration and Causality Tests," Economies, MDPI, vol. 5(4), pages 1-15, December.
    17. Siphiwo Bitterhout & Beatrice D. Simo-Kengne, 2020. "The effect of corruption on economic growth in the BRICS countries. A panel data analysis," Economic Development and Well-being Research Group Working Paper Series edwrg-03-2020, University of Johannesburg, College of Business and Economics, revised 2020.
    18. Naved Ahmad & Salman Arjumand, 2016. "Impact of corruption on GDP per capita through international migration: an empirical investigation," Quality & Quantity: International Journal of Methodology, Springer, vol. 50(4), pages 1633-1643, July.
    19. Soldatos, Gerasimos T., 2014. "Bureaucracy, Underground Activities, and Fluctuations," MPRA Paper 60858, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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