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Labor Market Dynamics in Tunisia: The Issue of Youth Unemployment

Author

Listed:
  • Stampini, Marco

    () (Inter-American Development Bank)

  • Verdier-Chouchane, Audrey

    () (African Development Bank)

Abstract

This paper analyzes the dynamics of the youth labor market in Tunisia using unique labor force survey data from 2005 to 2007 that include a longitudinal component. It first shows that sustained economic growth will reduce youth unemployment over the next few years. Second, forecasts indicate that the growth of private sector services has the highest potential to reduce youth unemployment. Third, the analysis of labor market characteristics reveals that young graduates experience long unemployment as they cue for high-skill jobs. Moreover, the public sector remains the main provider of employment opportunities for many graduates, in particular for women.

Suggested Citation

  • Stampini, Marco & Verdier-Chouchane, Audrey, 2011. "Labor Market Dynamics in Tunisia: The Issue of Youth Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 5611, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp5611
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2009. "Is the End of the MFA a Threat?," Review of Development Economics, Wiley Blackwell, vol. 13(1), pages 99-110, February.
    2. Agenor, Pierre-Richard & Nabli, Mustapha K. & Yousef, Tarik & Jensen, Henning Tarp, 2007. "Labor market reforms, growth, and unemployment in labor-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 277-309.
    3. Marouani, Mohamed A., 2005. "The Impact of the Multifiber Agreement Phaseout on Unemployment in Tunisia: A Prospective Dynamic Analysis," Center for European, Governance and Economic Development Research Discussion Papers 39, University of Goettingen, Department of Economics.
    4. repec:dau:papers:123456789/4310 is not listed on IDEAS
    5. Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2010. "More jobs for university graduates: some policy options for Tunisia," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 17(10), pages 933-937.
    6. Mohamed Ben Halima & Yusuf Kocoglu & Bassem Ben Halima, 2010. "Insertion Professionnelle des Diplômés Universitaires en Tunisie: Comparaison Public-Privé," Working Papers hal-00943982, HAL.
    7. Sabine Bernab? & Marco Stampini, 2008. "Labour mobility during transition: evidence from Georgia," LICOS Discussion Papers 20608, LICOS - Centre for Institutions and Economic Performance, KU Leuven.
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    Cited by:

    1. AfDB AfDB, . "ORNA - North Africa - Annual Report 2014," Annual Report, African Development Bank, number 2139.
    2. repec:bla:labour:v:31:y:2017:i:4:p:494-514 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Zuzana Brixiova & Thierry Kangoye, 2014. "Youth Unemployment in Africa: New Evidence and Policies from Swaziland," AIEL Series in Labour Economics,in: Dario Sciulli & Miguel Ángel Malo (ed.), Disadvantaged Workers, edition 1, chapter 9, pages 181-202 AIEL - Associazione Italiana Economisti del Lavoro.
    4. Marco Stampini & Ron Leung & Setou M. Diarra & Lauréline Pla, 2013. "How Large Is The Private Sector In Africa? Evidence From National Accounts And Labour Markets," South African Journal of Economics, Economic Society of South Africa, vol. 81(1), pages 140-165, March.
    5. Ragui Assaad & Samir Ghazouani & Caroline Krafft & Dominique J. Rolando, 2016. "Introducing the Tunisia Labor Market Panel Survey 2014," IZA Journal of Labor & Development, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 5(1), pages 1-21, December.
    6. AfDB AfDB, . "The AfDB Group in North Africa 2014," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 2138.
    7. Brixiova Zuzana & Egert Balazs & Essid Thouraya Hadj Amor, 2014. "The Real Exchange Rate and External Competitiveness in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 10(1), pages 1-27, April.
    8. Zuzana Brixiova & Thierry Kangoye, 2013. "Working Paper 175 - Youth Employment in Africa: New Evidence and Policies from Swaziland," Working Paper Series 472, African Development Bank.
    9. AfDB AfDB, . "North Africa Quaterly Analytical - Impact of Libya’s Conflict on the Tunisian Economy - A Preliminary Assessment - Issue 2," Country Brochure, African Development Bank, number 323.
    10. Zuzana Brixiova & Balázs Égert & Thouraya Hadj Amor Essid, 2013. "Working Paper 187 - The Real Exchange Rate and External Competitiveness in Egypt, Morocco and Tunisia," Working Paper Series 991, African Development Bank.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    labor market; Tunisia; unemployment; youth;

    JEL classification:

    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J64 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Unemployment: Models, Duration, Incidence, and Job Search
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy
    • J71 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor Discrimination - - - Hiring and Firing

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