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Youth Unemployment in Africa: New Evidence and Policies from Swaziland

In: Disadvantaged Workers

  • Zuzana Brixiova

    (African Development Bank)

  • Thierry Kangoye

    (African Development Bank)

Drawing on the 2007 and 2010 Swaziland Labor Force Surveys, this chapter provides first systematic evidence on youth employment challenges in Swaziland, a small, land-locked country with one of the highest youth unemployment rates in Africa. The chapter first documents the labor market disadvantages faced by the Swazi youth, including discouragement. The multinomial logit regression analysis is then carried out to analyze the main socio-economic drivers of the youth labor market outcomes. Since the factors that could unlock the employment potential of the Swazi youth are also on the demand side of the labor market, the chapter examines the country’s barriers to private job creation and youth entrepreneurship. It concludes with experiences of other countries that could inform design of more effective interventions towards youth employment in Swaziland.

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This chapter was published in:
  • Dario Sciulli & Miguel Ángel Malo (ed.), 2014. "Disadvantaged Workers," AIEL Series in Labour Economics, AIEL - Associazione Italiana Economisti del Lavoro, number 07, December.
  • This item is provided by AIEL - Associazione Italiana Economisti del Lavoro in its series AIEL Series in Labour Economics with number 07-09.
    Handle: RePEc:ail:chapts:07-09
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    1. John Anyanwu, 2013. "Characteristics and Macroeconomic Determinants of Youth Employment in Africa," African Development Review, African Development Bank, vol. 25(2), pages 107-129.
    2. Stampini, Marco & Verdier-Chouchane, Audrey, 2011. "Labor Market Dynamics in Tunisia: The Issue of Youth Unemployment," IZA Discussion Papers 5611, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Mina Baliamoune-Lutz & Zuzana Brixiová & Léonce Ndikumana, 2012. "Credit constraints and productive entrepreneurship in Africa," ICER Working Papers 23-2011, ICER - International Centre for Economic Research.
    4. Richard K. Johanson & Arvil V. Adams, 2004. "Skills Development in Sub-Saharan Africa," World Bank Publications, The World Bank, number 15028, June.
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