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Labor market reforms, growth, and unemployment in labor-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa

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  • Agenor, Pierre-Richard
  • Nabli, Mustapha K.
  • Yousef, Tarik
  • Jensen, Henning Tarp

Abstract

This paper studies the impact of labor market policies on growth and unemployment in labor-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa. The analysis is based on a framework that captures many of the main features of the labor market in these countries. We conduct a variety of policy experiments, including a reduction in payroll taxation, cuts in public sector wages and employment, an increase in employment subsidies, a reduction in trade unions'bargaining power, and a composite reform program. Our key message is that to foster broad-based growth and job creation in the region, labor market reforms must not be viewed in isolation but rather as a component of a comprehensive program of structural reforms.
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  • Agenor, Pierre-Richard & Nabli, Mustapha K. & Yousef, Tarik & Jensen, Henning Tarp, 2007. "Labor market reforms, growth, and unemployment in labor-exporting countries in the Middle East and North Africa," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 29(2), pages 277-309.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jpolmo:v:29:y:2007:i:2:p:277-309
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Agenor, Pierre-Richard & Nabli, Mustapha K. & Yousef, Tarik M., 2005. "Public infrastructure and private investment in the Middle East and North Africa," Policy Research Working Paper Series 3661, The World Bank.
    2. Dierk Herzer & Michael Grimm, 2012. "Does foreign aid increase private investment? Evidence from panel cointegration," Applied Economics, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 44(20), pages 2537-2550, July.
    3. Stefan Boeters & Luc Savard, 2011. "The Labour Market in CGE Models," Cahiers de recherche 11-20, Departement d'Economique de l'École de gestion à l'Université de Sherbrooke.
    4. Rougier, Eric, 2016. "“Fire in Cairo”: Authoritarian–Redistributive Social Contracts, Structural Change, and the Arab Spring," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 78(C), pages 148-171.
    5. Batyra, Anna & Sneessens, Henri R., 2010. "Selective reductions in labor taxation: Labor market adjustments and macroeconomic performance," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 32(4), pages 531-543, July.
    6. Arup Mitra & Chandan Sharma, 2014. "Technology Intensity and Global Competitiveness: Issues in Labour Cost and Employment," Working Papers id:6217, eSocialSciences.
    7. Stampini Marco & Verdier-Chouchane Audrey, 2011. "Labor Market Dynamics in Tunisia: The Issue of Youth Unemployment," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-35, September.
    8. Henning Tarp Jensen & Sherman Robinson & Finn Tarp, 2010. "Measuring Agricultural Policy Bias: General Equilibrium Analysis of Fifteen Developing Countries," American Journal of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association, vol. 92(4), pages 1136-1148.
    9. Berrittella, Maria, 2012. "Modelling the labour market of minority ethnic groups," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 389-402.
    10. Dalila NICET-CHENAF & Eric ROUGIER, 2014. "What is so specific with Middle-East and North-African pattern of growth and structural change? A quantitative comparative analysis," Cahiers du GREThA 2014-23, Groupe de Recherche en Economie Théorique et Appliquée.
    11. Tatiana Didier & M. Ayhan Kose & Franziska Ohnsorge & Lei Sandy Ye1, 2015. "Slowdown in Emerging Markets: Rough Patch or Prolonged Weakness?," Policy Research Notes (PRNs) 101741, The World Bank.
    12. Shahid Yusuf, 2014. "Middle East Transitions; A Long, Hard Road," IMF Working Papers 14/135, International Monetary Fund.
    13. Hesham AlShehabi, Omar, 2012. "Energy and labour reform: Evidence from Iran," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 34(3), pages 441-459.
    14. Cuesta, Jose & Olivera, Mauricio, 2014. "The impact of social security reform on the labor market: The case of Colombia," Journal of Policy Modeling, Elsevier, vol. 36(6), pages 1118-1134.
    15. Pierre-Richard Agenor, 2005. "The Macroeconomics Of Poverty Reduction," Manchester School, University of Manchester, vol. 73(4), pages 369-434, July.
    16. Alessio Tei & Claudio Ferrari, 2010. "Evoluzione dell'industria terminalistica per i servizi di linea nel mediteraneo. Implicazioni per la portualità nazionale," Working Papers 1008, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica, revised 2010.
    17. King Yoong Lim, 2017. "The Dynamics of Corruption and Unemployment in a Growth Model with Heterogeneous Labour," Working Papers 198144263, Lancaster University Management School, Economics Department.
    18. Alessio Tei & Claudio Ferrari, 2010. "Evoluzione dell'industria terminalistica per i servizi di linea nel mediteraneo. Implicazioni per la portualità nazionale," Working Papers 10_8, SIET Società Italiana di Economia dei Trasporti e della Logistica, revised 2010.
    19. Fatiha Talahite & Rafik Bouklia-Hassane, 2008. "Marché du travail, régulation et croissance économique en Algérie," Working Papers halshs-00203654, HAL.
    20. Boeters, Stefan & Savard, Luc, 2013. "The Labor Market in Computable General Equilibrium Models," Handbook of Computable General Equilibrium Modeling, Elsevier.

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