The diversity of social systems of innovation and production during the 1990s
The notion of Social System of Innovation and Production (SSIP) refers to an approach that tries to incorporate institutional elements into the economic analysis of technological change and to study the impact of these elements on long-term economic performance. The complementarities that exist between institutions are fully taken into account, leading to characterize broad configurations of institutions more comprehensively than usually retained in approaches in terms of national systems of innovation. Once the diversity of these patterns and of their influence on economic performance is assessed, the paper attempts to track down the transformations that are likely to have affected these SSIPs over the 90s. Various trends of convergence and divergence among the groups of countries distinguished are considered showing to what extent SSIPs will remained rather diverse, a diversity that European and national innovation policies should clearly take into account in order to be efficient.
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