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More Jobs for University Graduates: Some Policy Options for Tunisia

Author

Listed:
  • Mohamed Ali Marouani

    () (Université Paris1-Sorbonne/IEDES, DIAL et ERF)

Abstract

(english) The combination of demographic factors and an increase in education has caused a significant rise of university graduates’ unemployment in the MENA region. The article provides a prospective costeffectiveness analysis of the impact of alternative labor market policies using a dynamic general equilibrium model. The model allows for an endogenous determination of unemployment through a multisectoral efficiency wage setting mechanism. The main finding is that a wage subsidy targeted at highly skilled intensive sectors is more effective than tax reductions or investment subsidies. However, wage subsidies are not enough to reduce significantly unemployment. Other policy options need to be considered. _________________________________ (français) La combinaison de facteurs démographiques et de progrès dans l’éducation a entraîné une hausse significative du chômage des diplômés dans la région MENA. L’article fournit une analyse de type coût-efficacité de politiques alternatives d’mploi à l’aide d’un modèle d’équilibre général dynamique. Le modèle permet une détermination endogène du niveau de chômage à l’aide d’un modèle multisectoriel de salaires d’efficience. Le principal résultat est qu’une subvention salariale ciblée sur les secteurs intensifs en main-d’oeuvre qualifiée est plus efficace que des réductions d’impôts ou des subventions à l’investissement. Cependant ces subventions salariales ne sont pas suffisantes pour réduire significativement le niveau du chômage. D’autres options doivent être considérées.

Suggested Citation

  • Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2009. "More Jobs for University Graduates: Some Policy Options for Tunisia," Working Papers DT/2009/01, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
  • Handle: RePEc:dia:wpaper:dt200901
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    File URL: http://www.dial.ird.fr/media/ird-sites-d-unites-de-recherche/dial/documents/publications/doc_travail/2009/2009-01
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    Citations

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    Cited by:

    1. Souag, Ali & Assaad, Ragui, 2017. "The Impact of the Action Plan for Promoting Employment and Combating Unemployment on Employment Informality in Algeria," IZA Discussion Papers 10966, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    2. repec:dau:papers:123456789/14987 is not listed on IDEAS
    3. Marouani, Mohamed A. & Nilsson, Björn, 2016. "The labor market effects of skill-biased technological change in Malaysia," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 55-75.
    4. Stampini Marco & Verdier-Chouchane Audrey, 2011. "Labor Market Dynamics in Tunisia: The Issue of Youth Unemployment," Review of Middle East Economics and Finance, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-35, September.
    5. Ali Souag & Ragui Assaad, 2017. "The Impact of the Action Plan For Promoting Employment and Combating Unemployment on Employment Informality in Algeria," Working Papers 1161, Economic Research Forum, revised 12 Jun 2017.
    6. Anda David & Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2015. "Migration and Employment Interactions in a Crisis Context: the case of Tunisia," Working Papers DT/2015/05, DIAL (Développement, Institutions et Mondialisation).
    7. Stijn Broecke, 2013. "Tackling graduate unemployment in North Africa through employment subsidies: A look at the SIVP programme in Tunisia," IZA Journal of Labor Policy, Springer;Forschungsinstitut zur Zukunft der Arbeit GmbH (IZA), vol. 2(1), pages 1-19, December.
    8. repec:dau:papers:123456789/14733 is not listed on IDEAS
    9. Björn Nilsson & Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2015. "The Labor Market Effects of Skillbiased Technilogical Change in Malasya," Working Papers 20150006, Université Paris 1 Panthéon Sorbonne, UMR Développement et Sociétés.
    10. repec:dau:papers:123456789/14850 is not listed on IDEAS
    11. Anda David & Mohamed Ali Marouani, 2013. "The Impact of Labor Mobility on Unemployment: A Comparison between Jordan and Tunisia," Working Papers 823, Economic Research Forum, revised Dec 2013.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Employment policies; skilled workers; unemployment; dynamic general equilibrium models; Middle East and North Africa; Tunisia; politiques de l’emploi; main-d’oeuvre qualifiée; chômage; modèle d’équilibre general dynamiques; Afrique du Nord et Moyen Orient; Tunisie.;

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • J24 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Human Capital; Skills; Occupational Choice; Labor Productivity
    • J68 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Mobility, Unemployment, Vacancies, and Immigrant Workers - - - Public Policy

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