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Why Are Similar Workers Paid Differently? The Role of Social Networks

  • Fontaine, Francois

    ()

    (Paris School of Economics)

We provide a matching model where identical workers are embedded in ex-ante identical social networks. Job arrival rate is endogenous and wages are bargained. We study the evolution of networks over time and characterize the equilibrium distribution of unemployment rates across networks. We emphasize that wage dispersion arises endogenously as the consequence of the dynamics of networks, firms’ strategies and wage bargaining. Moreover, contrary to a generally accepted idea, social networks do not necessary induce stickiness in unemployment dynamics. Our endogenous matching technology shows that the effects of networks on the dynamics mostly hinge on search externalities. Our endogenous framework allows us to quantify these effects.

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Paper provided by Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA) in its series IZA Discussion Papers with number 1786.

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Length: 24 pages
Date of creation: Sep 2005
Date of revision:
Publication status: published in: Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, 2008, 32(12), 3960-3977
Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp1786
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  10. James Albrecht & Pieter A. Gautier & Susan Vroman, 2006. "Equilibrium Directed Search with Multiple Applications," Review of Economic Studies, Oxford University Press, vol. 73(4), pages 869-891.
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  19. Peter Cramton, 1992. "Strategic Delay in Bargaining with Two-Sided Uncertainty," Papers of Peter Cramton 92res, University of Maryland, Department of Economics - Peter Cramton, revised 09 Jun 1998.
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