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Violence during Early Childhood and Child Development

Author

Listed:
  • Berthelon, Matias

    () (Universidad Adolfo Ibañez)

  • Contreras, Dante

    () (University of Chile)

  • Kruger, Diana

    () (Universidad Adolfo Ibañez)

  • Palma, María Isidora

    () (Universidad de Chile)

Abstract

We study the effects of violence towards children on early childhood development. We contribute to the literature providing estimates of the effects of violence (verbal and/or physical) that control for child-mother unobserved characteristics. We find that violence has negative effects on verbal skills (Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test) and socio-emotional development (Child Behavior Check List). We also find that violence affects girls in their vocabulary development and increases behavioral problems of both boys and girls, with stronger effects among boys; that the negative effects diminish as children get older; and that they are more harmful among children with less educated mothers.

Suggested Citation

  • Berthelon, Matias & Contreras, Dante & Kruger, Diana & Palma, María Isidora, 2018. "Violence during Early Childhood and Child Development," IZA Discussion Papers 11984, Institute of Labor Economics (IZA).
  • Handle: RePEc:iza:izadps:dp11984
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    violence toward children; spanking; corporal punishment; child development; cognitive and socio-emotional outcomes; Chile;

    JEL classification:

    • O15 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Economic Development: Human Resources; Human Development; Income Distribution; Migration
    • J12 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Marriage; Marital Dissolution; Family Structure
    • J13 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demographic Economics - - - Fertility; Family Planning; Child Care; Children; Youth
    • I31 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty - - - General Welfare, Well-Being

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