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Central bank transparency, the role of institutions and inflation persistence

Author

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  • Taniya Ghosh

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

  • Yadavindu Ajit

    (Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research)

Abstract

With the transparency revolution across the world, this paper aims to investigate the effect of increased central bank transparency on inflation dynamics. We use the-oretical and empirical methods to show the importance of various institutional factors and their interdependence. Using a panel of advanced economies from 1998 to 2017, we investigate the role of central bank transparency in influencing inflation persistence in the presence of institutional factors such as central bank independence and labor market institutions, along with policy uncertainty. While previous research has exam ined the role of these institutional variables independently, this paper focuses on how these variables influence the efficacy of central bank transparency. We find that while central bank transparency reduces inflation persistence, its overall effect depends on the level of other variables. The role of central bank transparency in reducing inflation persistence can further be enhanced when we have an independent central bank, col lective wage bargaining happening at the central level, relaxed labor laws, and lower policy uncertainty.

Suggested Citation

  • Taniya Ghosh & Yadavindu Ajit, 2023. "Central bank transparency, the role of institutions and inflation persistence," Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai Working Papers 2023-012, Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Mumbai, India.
  • Handle: RePEc:ind:igiwpp:2023-012
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Inflation persistence; Central bank transparency; Central bank independence; Labor market institutions; Interdependence; Policy uncertainty;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • D81 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Criteria for Decision-Making under Risk and Uncertainty
    • D82 - Microeconomics - - Information, Knowledge, and Uncertainty - - - Asymmetric and Private Information; Mechanism Design
    • E31 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Price Level; Inflation; Deflation
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • J51 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Labor-Management Relations, Trade Unions, and Collective Bargaining - - - Trade Unions: Objectives, Structure, and Effects

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