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Roma Employment in Hungary After the Post-Communist Transition

  • Gabor Kertesi

    ()

    (Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

  • Gabor Kezdi

    ()

    (Central European University, Institute of Economics of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences)

We analyze the magnitude and the causes of the low formal employment rate of the Roma in Hungary between 1993 and 2007. The employment rate of the Roma dropped dramatically around 1990. The ethnic employment gap has been 40 percentage points for both men and women and has stayed remarkably stable. Differences in education are the most important factor behind the gap, the number of children is important for female employment, and geographic differences play little role once education is controlled for. Conditional on employment, the gap in earnings is 0.3, and half of it is explained by educational differences.

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Paper provided by Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies, Hungarian Academy of Sciences in its series Budapest Working Papers on the Labour Market with number 1009.

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Date of creation: Dec 2010
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Handle: RePEc:has:bworkp:1009
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  1. Susanne Milcher, 2006. "Poverty and the Determinants of Welfare for Roma and Other Vulnerable Groups in Southeastern Europe," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(1), pages 20-35, March.
  2. Oaxaca, Ronald, 1973. "Male-Female Wage Differentials in Urban Labor Markets," International Economic Review, Department of Economics, University of Pennsylvania and Osaka University Institute of Social and Economic Research Association, vol. 14(3), pages 693-709, October.
  3. Jan Svejnar, 2002. "Transition Economies: Performance and Challenges," Journal of Economic Perspectives, American Economic Association, vol. 16(1), pages 3-28, Winter.
  4. Kertesi Gabor & Kezdi Gabor, 2008. "Children of the Post-Communist Transition: Age at the Time of the Parents' Job Loss and Dropping Out of Secondary School," The B.E. Journal of Economic Analysis & Policy, De Gruyter, vol. 7(2), pages 1-27, January.
  5. Kertesi, Gábor, 2000. "Ingázás a falusi Magyarországon. Egy megoldatlan probléma
    [Commuting in rural Hungary. An unresolved problem]
    ," Közgazdasági Szemle (Economic Review - monthly of the Hungarian Academy of Sciences), Közgazdasági Szemle Alapítvány (Economic Review Foundation), vol. 0(10), pages 775-798.
  6. Niall O'Higgins & Andrey Ivanov, 2006. "Education and Employment Opportunities for the Roma," Comparative Economic Studies, Palgrave Macmillan, vol. 48(1), pages 6-19, March.
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