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Is there a North-South Divide in Self-employment in England?

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  • Andrew Burke
  • Felix Fitzroy
  • Michael Nolan

Abstract

Burke A. E., Fitzroy F. R. and Nolan M. A. Is there a North-South divide in self-employment in England?, Regional Studies. Using decomposition analysis, the paper investigates why Northern England has fewer but higher performing self-employed individuals than the South. It is found that the causes are mainly structural differences rather than regional variation in individual characteristics. There are more self-employed individuals in the South, but on average they create fewer jobs. Post-compulsory education has a strong negative effect on the probability of self-employment in the South, probably due to better employment opportunities there, but little influence in the North. Education has some positive effects on job creation by entrepreneurs in both regions. Aggregate studies might thus give misleading results. [image omitted] Burke A. E., Fitzroy F. R. et Nolan M. A. Est-il une fracture de Nord Sud en ce qui concerne les emplois independants en Angleterre?, Regional Studies. Se pliant sur une analyse par decomposition, cet article explique pourquoi le nord de l'Angleterre compte moins de travailleurs independants que le sud et pourquoi ils sont plus performants. Il apparait que les causes sont principalement des differences structurelles plutot que des variations regionales des caracteristiques individuelles. Il y a davantage de travailleurs independants dans le sud mais en moyenne ils creent moins d'emplois. Le post-enseignement obligatoire a un fort effet negatif sur la probabilite de l'emploi independant dans le sud; cela est probablement du aux meilleures chances d'emploi dans cette region mais elle a moins d'influence dans le nord. L'education a quelques effets positifs sur la creation d'emplois par les entrepreneurs dans les deux regions. Des etudes complementaires peuvent donc donner des resultats trompeurs. Emplois independants Creation d'emploi Fracture Nord-Sud Decomposition Burke A. E., Fitzroy F. R. und Nolan M. A. Gibt es bei der freiberuflichen Tatigkeit Unterschiede zwischen Norden und Suden?, Regional Studies. In diesem Beitrag untersuchen wir mit Hilfe einer Dekompositionsanalyse die Frage, warum es in Nordengland weniger, aber dafur leistungsfahigere Freiberufler gibt als im Suden. Wir stellen fest, dass die Ursachen weniger auf regionalen Schwankungen hinsichtlich individueller Merkmale beruhen, sondern vielmehr hauptsachlich auf strukturellen Unterschieden. Im Suden gibt es mehr Freiberufler, doch diese schaffen im Durchschnitt weniger Arbeitsplatze. Eine weiterfuhrende Bildung hat im Suden - wahrscheinlich aufgrund der besseren Beschaftigungschancen - eine starke negative Auswirkung auf die Wahrscheinlichkeit einer freiberuflichen Tatigkeit, wahrend sie im Norden nur wenig Einfluss ausubt. Die Bildung hat in beiden Regionen einige positive Auswirkungen auf die Schaffung von Arbeitsplatzen durch Unternehmer. Zusammengefasste Studien konnen daher irrefuhrende Ergebnisse hervorbringen. Freiberufliche Tatigkeit Schaffung von Arbeitsplatzen Nord-Sud-Unterschiede Dekomposition Burke A. E., Fitzroy F. R. y Nolan M. A. ¿Existe una division norte-sur en cuanto al nivel de autonomos en Inglaterra?, Regional Studies. Mediante un analisis de descomposicion, en este articulo investigamos por que en el norte de Inglaterra hay menos autonomos que en el sur pero con un mejor desempeno. Creemos que las causas radican en diferencias estructurales mas que en variaciones regionales de las caracteristicas individuales. Hay mas autonomos en el sur pero de promedio crean menos trabajos. La educacion postobligatoria tiene un efecto muy negativo en la probabilidad de convertirse en autonomo en la zona sur del pais probablemente debido a mejores oportunidades laborales pero tiene poca influencia en el norte. La educacion tiene algunos efectos positivos en la creacion de trabajo por parte de empresarios en ambas regiones. Por tanto, los estudios acumulativos podrian dar resultados falsos. Empleo autonomo Creacion de empleo Division norte-sur Descomposicion

Suggested Citation

  • Andrew Burke & Felix Fitzroy & Michael Nolan, 2009. "Is there a North-South Divide in Self-employment in England?," Regional Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 43(4), pages 529-544.
  • Handle: RePEc:taf:regstd:v:43:y:2009:i:4:p:529-544
    DOI: 10.1080/00343400701827360
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