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Differential Impact of Uncertainty on Exporting Decision in Risk-averse and Risk-taking Firms

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  • Haeng-Sun Kim

    () (Jeju National University (KOREA), FFJ - Fondation France-Japon de l'EHESS - EHESS - École des hautes études en sciences sociales)

Abstract

Most existing literature examining the links between firm heterogeneity and entry into exporting assumes that firms are risk neutral. In this study, we relax this strict assumption that firms are risk neutral and introduce different attitudes of firms toward risk as an additional source of firm heterogeneity. In particular, we examine how risk attitude changes the effect of uncertainty on the decision of a firm to export considering the different types of uncertainty faced by the firm, namely, firm-specific and macroeconomic. Our analysis yields two interesting findings. First, firm-specific uncertainty discourages risk-averse firms from participating in foreign markets more than risk-taking firms. One possible explanation for this finding is that risk-averse firms are more cautious in export market participation when firm-specific uncertainty increases. Second, we find that riskaverse firms are less likely to decrease their export market participation when responding to macroeconomic uncertainty. Thus, risk-averse firms are more likely to diversify their domestic risk by participating in foreign markets in responding to macroeconomic uncertainty.

Suggested Citation

  • Haeng-Sun Kim, 2019. "Differential Impact of Uncertainty on Exporting Decision in Risk-averse and Risk-taking Firms," Working Papers hal-02128335, HAL.
  • Handle: RePEc:hal:wpaper:hal-02128335
    Note: View the original document on HAL open archive server: https://hal.archives-ouvertes.fr/hal-02128335
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Keywords

    Exports; Risk aversion; Uncertainty; Firm heterogeneity;

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