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The Discriminatory Effect of Domestic Regulations on International Trade in Services: Evidence from Firm-Level Data

  • Matthieu Crozet


    (Axe Economie internationale Axe Macroéconomie - CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales - IUF - Institut Universitaire de France - M.E.N.E.S.R. - Ministère de l'Éducation nationale, de l’Enseignement supérieur et de la Recherche - EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS)

  • Emmanuel Milet


    (Axe Economie internationale Axe Macroéconomie - EEP-PSE - Ecole d'Économie de Paris - Paris School of Economics - CES - Centre d'économie de la Sorbonne - UP1 - Université Panthéon-Sorbonne - CNRS)

  • Daniel Mirza


    (CEPII - Centre d'Etudes Prospectives et d'Informations Internationales, GERCIE - Groupe d'Etudes et de Recherche sur la Coopération Internationale et Européenne - Université François Rabelais - Tours)

In order to promote international trade in services, the WTO-GATS aims at progressively eliminating discriminatory regulations, which apply to foreign suppliers, byguaranteeing equal national treatment. This paper looks instead at the trade effect of domestic regulations, which apply to all firms indifferently and do not intend to exclude foreign suppliers. We propose a theory-based empirical test to determine whether or not these domestic regulations affect foreign suppliers more than local ones. We take this test to the data by using French firm-level exports of professional services to OECD countries. Our econometric results show that domestic regulations in the importing markets matter significantly for trade in services. They reduce both the decision to export and the individual exports. These results tend to prove that domestic regulations are de facto discriminatory even if they are not de jure.

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Paper provided by HAL in its series Université Paris1 Panthéon-Sorbonne (Post-Print and Working Papers) with number halshs-00801398.

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Date of creation: Feb 2013
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Handle: RePEc:hal:cesptp:halshs-00801398
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