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Assessing the Frontiers of Ultra-Poverty Reduction: Evidence from CFPR/TUP, an Innovative Program in Bangladesh

Author

Listed:
  • M. Shahe Emran

    ()

  • Stephen C. Smith

    () (Department of Economics/Institute for International Economic Policy, George Washington University)

  • Virginia Robano

    () (Department of Economics, George Washington University)

Abstract

This paper uses household panel data to provide robust evidence on the effects of BRACs Targeting the Ultra-poor Program in Bangladesh. Our identification strategy exploits type-1 errors in assignment, comparing households correctly included with those incorrectly excluded, according to program criteria. Evidence from difference-in-difference matching and sensitivity analysis shows that participation had significant positive effects on income, food consumption and security, household durables, and livestock, but no robust impact on health, ownership of homestead land, housing quality and other productive assets. Using quantile difference-in-difference, we find that the income gains from program participation is smaller for the lowest two deciles.

Suggested Citation

  • M. Shahe Emran & Stephen C. Smith & Virginia Robano, 2009. "Assessing the Frontiers of Ultra-Poverty Reduction: Evidence from CFPR/TUP, an Innovative Program in Bangladesh," Working Papers 2009-06, The George Washington University, Institute for International Economic Policy.
  • Handle: RePEc:gwi:wpaper:2009-06
    as

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    File URL: http://www.gwu.edu/~iiep/assets/docs/papers/Emran_Smith_IIEPWP2009-6.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Aakvik, Arild, 2001. " Bounding a Matching Estimator: The Case of a Norwegian Training Program," Oxford Bulletin of Economics and Statistics, Department of Economics, University of Oxford, vol. 63(1), pages 115-143, February.
    2. Joseph G. Altonji & Todd E. Elder & Christopher R. Taber, 2005. "Selection on Observed and Unobserved Variables: Assessing the Effectiveness of Catholic Schools," Journal of Political Economy, University of Chicago Press, vol. 113(1), pages 151-184, February.
    3. Sascha O. Becker & Marco Caliendo, 2007. "Sensitivity analysis for average treatment effects," Stata Journal, StataCorp LP, vol. 7(1), pages 71-83, February.
    4. Song, Jae G. & Manchester, Joyce, 2007. "New evidence on earnings and benefit claims following changes in the retirement earnings test in 2000," Journal of Public Economics, Elsevier, vol. 91(3-4), pages 669-700, April.
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    Cited by:

    1. repec:cep:stieop:43 is not listed on IDEAS
    2. Robano, Virginia & Smith, Stephen C., 2013. "Multidimensional Targeting and Evaluation: A General Framework with an Application to a Poverty Program in Bangladesh," IZA Discussion Papers 7593, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    3. Oriana Bandiera & Robin Burgess & Narayan Das & Selim Gulesci & Imran Rasul & Munshi Sulaiman, 2013. "Can Basic Entrepreneurship Transform the Economic Lives of the Poor?," STICERD - Economic Organisation and Public Policy Discussion Papers Series 043, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    4. Barrientos, Armando & Nino-Zarazua, Miguel, 2010. "Social Assistance in Developing Countries Database Version 5.0," MPRA Paper 20001, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    5. Anirudh Krishna & Meri Poghosyan & Narayan Das, 2012. "How Much Can Asset Transfers Help the Poorest? Evaluating the Results of BRAC's Ultra-Poor Programme (2002--2008)," Journal of Development Studies, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 48(2), pages 254-267, May.
    6. Morduch, Jonathan & Ravi, Shamika & Bauchet, Jonathan, 2012. "Failure vs. Displacement: Why an Innovative Anti-Poverty Program Showed No Net Impact," CEI Working Paper Series 2012-05, Center for Economic Institutions, Institute of Economic Research, Hitotsubashi University.
    7. Mallick, Debdulal, 2009. "How effective is a Big Push to the Small? Evidence from a Quasi-random Experiment," MPRA Paper 22824, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    8. Robert Cull & Asli Demirgüç-Kunt & Jonathan Morduch, 2014. "Banks and Microbanks," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 46(1), pages 1-53, August.
    9. Ballesteros, Marife M. & Ramos, Tatum & Magtibay, Jasmine E. & Gonzales, Kathrina G. & Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C. & Daval-Santos, Gerald & Adona, Ann Jillian, 2016. "Assessment of the Sustainable Livelihood Program - Employment Facilitation Process," Research Paper Series DP 2016-13, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    10. Oriana Bandiera & Robin Burgess & Selim Gulesci & Imran Rasul, 2009. "Community Networks and PovertyReductionProgrammes: Evidence from Bangladesh," STICERD - Economic Organisation and Public Policy Discussion Papers Series 015, Suntory and Toyota International Centres for Economics and Related Disciplines, LSE.
    11. Ballesteros, Marife M. & Ramos, Tatum & Magtibay, Jasmine E. & Gonzales, Kathrina G. & Orbeta, Aniceto Jr. C. & Daval-Santos, Gerald & Adona, Ann Jillian, 2016. "Assessment of the Sustainable Livelihood Program - Employment Facilitation Process," Discussion Papers DP 2016-13, Philippine Institute for Development Studies.
    12. Khandker, Shahidur R. & Khalily, M. A. Baqui & Samad, Hussain A., 2010. "Seasonal and extreme poverty in Bangladesh : evaluating an ultra-poor microfinance project," Policy Research Working Paper Series 5331, The World Bank.
    13. Mallick, Debdulal, 2013. "How Effective is a Big Push to the Small? Evidence from a Quasi-Experiment," World Development, Elsevier, vol. 41(C), pages 168-182.
    14. Emran, M. Shahe & Morshed, A.K.M Mahbub & Stiglitz, Joseph E., 2011. "Microfinance and Missing Markets," MPRA Paper 41451, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    15. Barrientos, Armando & Niño-Zarazúa, Miguel, 2011. "Social transfers and chronic poverty: objectives, design, reach and impact," MPRA Paper 30465, University Library of Munich, Germany.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Ultra-poor; CFPR/TUP; BRAC; Bangladesh; Microfinance; Bangladesh; Assignment Error; Difference-in-Difference; Matching; Heteroskedasticity-Based Identification;

    JEL classification:

    • O1 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development
    • I3 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Welfare, Well-Being, and Poverty

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