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The (Displacement) Effects of Spatially Targeted Enterprise Initiatives: Evidence from UK LEGI

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  • Einiö, Elias
  • Overman, Henry

Abstract

We investigate the impacts of a significant area-based intervention (LEGI) that aimed to increase employment and entrepreneurial activity in 30 disadvantaged areas across England. We examine the spatial pattern of effects at a fine spatial scale using panel data for small geographic units and a regression discontinuity design that exploits the programme eligibility rule. The results indicate considerable local displacement effects. Employment increases in treated areas close to the treatment area boundary at the cost of significant employment losses in untreated localities just across the boundary. These differences vanish quickly when moving away from the boundary and do not persist after the programme is abolished. These findings support the view that area-based interventions may have considerable negative displacement effects on untreated parts of the economy. This displacement can substantially reduce (or in this case eliminate) any net benefits.

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  • Einiö, Elias & Overman, Henry, 2016. "The (Displacement) Effects of Spatially Targeted Enterprise Initiatives: Evidence from UK LEGI," Working Papers 71, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:fer:wpaper:71
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    6. Federico Belotti & Edoardo Di Porto & Gianluca Santoni, 2018. "Spatial Differencing: Estimation and Inference," CESifo Economic Studies, CESifo, vol. 64(2), pages 241-254.
    7. Augusto Cerqua & Guido Pellegrini, 2020. "Labor mobility effects of a firm-level shock," Working Papers 1/20, Sapienza University of Rome, DISS.
    8. Gibbons, Stephen & Overman, Henry & Sarvimäki, Matti, 2021. "The local economic impacts of regeneration projects: Evidence from UK's single regeneration budget," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 122(C).
    9. Gibbons, Steve & Overman, Henry & Sarvimäki, Matti, 2017. "The local economic impacts of regeneration projects: Evidence from UK’s Single Regeneration Budget," Working Papers 92, VATT Institute for Economic Research.
    10. Blouri, Yashar & Ehrlich, Maximilian V., 2020. "On the optimal design of place-based policies: A structural evaluation of EU regional transfers," Journal of International Economics, Elsevier, vol. 125(C).
    11. Sandra Bernick & Richard Davies & Anna Valero, 2017. "Industry in Britain: an atlas," CentrePiece - The magazine for economic performance 513, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    12. Ville Vehkasalo, 2018. "Effectiveness of EU Regional Policy: Evidence from a Natural Experiment in Finland," REGION, European Regional Science Association, vol. 5, pages 1-19.
    13. Faggio, Giulia, 2019. "Relocation of public sector workers: Evaluating a place-based policy," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 111(C), pages 53-75.
    14. Silvia Giacomelli & Carlo Menon, 2017. "Does weak contract enforcement affect firm size? Evidence from the neighbour’s court," Journal of Economic Geography, Oxford University Press, vol. 17(6), pages 1251-1282.
    15. Julien Pascal, 2020. "Search, matching and heterogeneity [Recherche, appariement et hétérogénéité]," SciencePo Working papers tel-03408394, HAL.
    16. Giulia Faggio & Teresa Schlüter & Philipp vom Berge, 2018. "Interaction of Public and Private Employment: Evidence from a German Government Move," SERC Discussion Papers 0229, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
    17. Marco Di Cataldo, 2016. "Gaining and losing EU Objective 1 funds: Regional development in Britain and the prospect of Brexit," LEQS – LSE 'Europe in Question' Discussion Paper Series 120, European Institute, LSE.
    18. Cerqua, Augusto & Pellegrini, Guido, 2018. "Local policy effects at a time of economic crisis," MPRA Paper 85621, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    19. Julien Pascal, 2020. "Search, matching and heterogeneity," Sciences Po publications info:hdl:2441/qqo2oivo980, Sciences Po.
    20. Ramboer, Sander & Reynaerts, Jo, 2020. "Indecent proposals: Estimating the impact of regional state aid through EU guideline compliance," Regional Science and Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 82(C).
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Place-based policy; Programme evaluation; Displacement; Employment; Economic growth; Taloudellinen kasvu; Labour market; Työmarkkinat; Local public economics; Kunnallistalous; Regional development; Aluekehitys; Labor market and policies promoting economic growth; Työmarkkinat ja kasvua tukeva politiikka; H250 - Business Taxes and Subsidies including sales and value-added (VAT); J200 - Time Allocation; Work Behavior; Employment Determination and Creation; Human Capital; O400 - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity: General (includes data sources); R110 - Regional Economic Activity: Growth; Development; and Changes;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • R11 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Regional Economic Activity: Growth, Development, Environmental Issues, and Changes
    • H25 - Public Economics - - Taxation, Subsidies, and Revenue - - - Business Taxes and Subsidies
    • J20 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - General
    • O40 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity - - - General

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