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The Impact of Urban Enterprise Zones on Establishments' Location Decisions: Evidence from French ZFUs

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  • Mayer, Thierry
  • Mayneris, Florian
  • Py, Loriane

Abstract

In this paper, we study the impact of a French enterprise zones program---the ``Zones Franches Urbaines'' (ZFUs) policy---on establishments' location decisions. Our empirical analysis is based on a micro-geographic dataset which provides exhaustive information on the location of establishments in France over the period 2000-2007 at the census block level. We use a difference in difference approach combining spatial and time differencing. We also do triple difference estimations, using the fact that targeted urban areas have been selected in different waves over time. Finally, we exploit a discontinuity in the eligibility criteria of the policy as an exogenous source of variation to estimate the impact of the treatment. Our results show that the French ZFU policy has a positive and sizable impact on location choices. However, we also find that the policy mostly generates displacement effects, in particular through relocation of firms from the un-treated to the treated part within municipalities. Finally, the impact is shown to be highly heterogeneous across zones, firms and industries. The overall cost of moving establishments within municipalities is relatively high.

Suggested Citation

  • Mayer, Thierry & Mayneris, Florian & Py, Loriane, 2012. "The Impact of Urban Enterprise Zones on Establishments' Location Decisions: Evidence from French ZFUs," CEPR Discussion Papers 9074, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:9074
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    Cited by:

    1. Chabé-Ferret, Sylvain, 2015. "Analysis of the bias of Matching and Difference-in-Difference under alternative earnings and selection processes," Journal of Econometrics, Elsevier, vol. 185(1), pages 110-123.
    2. Felipe Berrutti, 2016. "Subsidios a la oferta y decisiones de localización: El caso de la Ley de Vivienda de Interés Social," Documentos de Investigación Estudiantil (students working papers) 16-02, Instituto de Economía - IECON.
    3. Felix, R. Alison & Hines, James R., 2013. "Who offers tax-based business development incentives?," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 75(C), pages 80-91.
    4. Pauline Charnoz, 2014. "French enterprise zone program : did it help the residents of deprived neighborhoods ?," ERSA conference papers ersa14p1465, European Regional Science Association.
    5. Neumark, David & Simpson, Helen, 2015. "Place-Based Policies," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    6. Anthony Briant & Miren Lafourcade & Benoît Schmutz, 2015. "Can Tax Breaks Beat Geography? Lessons from the French Enterprise Zone Experience," American Economic Journal: Economic Policy, American Economic Association, vol. 7(2), pages 88-124, May.
    7. Gibbons, Steve & Overman, Henry G. & Patacchini, Eleonora, 2015. "Spatial Methods," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    8. Criscuolo, Chiara & Martin, Ralf & Overman, Henry & Van Reenen, John, 2012. "The Causal Effects of an Industrial Policy," IZA Discussion Papers 6323, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Florian MAYNERIS & Loriane PY, 2013. "The Efficiency Of Enterprise Zone Programs Some Conflicting Results?," Region et Developpement, Region et Developpement, LEAD, Universite du Sud - Toulon Var, vol. 38, pages 209-224.
    10. Redding, Stephen J. & Turner, Matthew A., 2015. "Transportation Costs and the Spatial Organization of Economic Activity," Handbook of Regional and Urban Economics, Elsevier.
    11. Kristian Behrens, 2013. "Strength in Numbers? The Weak Effect of Manufacturing Clusters on Canadian Productivity," C.D. Howe Institute Commentary, C.D. Howe Institute, issue 377, April.
    12. Zheng, Guo & Barbieri, Elisa & Di Tommaso, Marco R. & Zhang, Lei, 2016. "Development zones and local economic growth: zooming in on the Chinese case," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 238-249.
    13. Faggio, G., 2016. "Relocation of Public Sector Workers: Evaluating a place-based policy," Working Papers 16/10, Department of Economics, City University London.
    14. Hans R.A. Koster & Jos van Ommeren, 2017. "Place-based policies and the housing market," Tinbergen Institute Discussion Papers 17-008/VIII, Tinbergen Institute, revised 10 Aug 2018.
    15. repec:gam:jsusta:v:10:y:2018:i:1:p:45-:d:125112 is not listed on IDEAS
    16. Giulia Faggio, 2014. "Relocation of Public Sector Workers: Evaluating a Place-based Policy," SERC Discussion Papers 0155, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    17. Anthony Briant & Miren Lafourcade & Benoît Schmutz, 2012. "Can Tax Breaks Beat Geography? Lessons from the French Enterprise Zone Experience," Working Papers halshs-00695225, HAL.
    18. González-Pampillón, Nicolás & Jofre-Monseny, Jordi & Viladecans-Marsal, Elisabet, 2016. "Can Urban Renewal Policies Reverse Neighborhood Ethnic Dynamics?," CEPR Discussion Papers 11676, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
    19. Chaurey, Ritam & Le, Duong Trung, 2018. "Infrastructure Grants and the Performance of Microenterprises," IZA Discussion Papers 11749, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    20. Jofre-Monseny, Jordi, 2014. "The effects of unemployment protection on migration in lagging regions," Journal of Urban Economics, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 73-86.
    21. repec:eee:pubeco:v:156:y:2017:i:c:p:101-120 is not listed on IDEAS
    22. Balázs Égert & Antoine Goujard, 2014. "Strengthening Competition in Poland," OECD Economics Department Working Papers 1125, OECD Publishing.

    More about this item

    Keywords

    enterprise zones; firm location;

    JEL classification:

    • R12 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - General Regional Economics - - - Size and Spatial Distributions of Regional Economic Activity; Interregional Trade (economic geography)
    • R38 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Real Estate Markets, Spatial Production Analysis, and Firm Location - - - Government Policy
    • R58 - Urban, Rural, Regional, Real Estate, and Transportation Economics - - Regional Government Analysis - - - Regional Development Planning and Policy

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