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The Effects of Spatially Targeted Enterprise Initiatives: Evidence from UK LEGI

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  • Henry Overman

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  • Elias Einio

Abstract

We investigate the impacts of a significant area-based policy intervention (LEGI) that aimed to increase employment and productivity in 30 disadvantaged areas across England. In order to identify the causal effects of the programme, we use panel data at a fine spatial scale covering years before and after the launch of the program, and exploit several institutional features that determined whether or not an area becomes supported. Using spatial differencing, we find evidence of significant displacement from non-treated to treated areas close to the treatment area boundary. Aside from this displacement, we find little evidence of significant impact on treated areas nor of a net impact of treatment once we take account of this displacement. Spatial differencing combined with a regression discontinuity approach based on eligibility criteria confirm these findings.

Suggested Citation

  • Henry Overman & Elias Einio, 2012. "The Effects of Spatially Targeted Enterprise Initiatives: Evidence from UK LEGI," ERSA conference papers ersa12p164, European Regional Science Association.
  • Handle: RePEc:wiw:wiwrsa:ersa12p164
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    File URL: http://www-sre.wu.ac.at/ersa/ersaconfs/ersa12/e120821aFinal00166.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    1. Neven, Damien J., 1986. "On Hotelling's competition with non-uniform customer distributions," Economics Letters, Elsevier, vol. 21(2), pages 121-126.
    2. Caplin, Andrew & Nalebuff, Barry, 1991. "Aggregation and Imperfect Competition: On the Existence of Equilibrium," Econometrica, Econometric Society, vol. 59(1), pages 25-59, January.
    3. Lijesen, M.G., 2010. "Empirical applications of spatial competition; an interpretative literature review," Serie Research Memoranda 0006, VU University Amsterdam, Faculty of Economics, Business Administration and Econometrics.
    4. Tabuchi, Takatoshi & Thisse, Jacques-Francois, 1995. "Asymmetric equilibria in spatial competition," International Journal of Industrial Organization, Elsevier, vol. 13(2), pages 213-227.
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    Cited by:

    1. Mara Giua, 2014. "Spatial Discontinuity for the Impact Assessment of the EU Regional Policy. The Case of Italian Objective 1 Regions," Departmental Working Papers of Economics - University 'Roma Tre' 0197, Department of Economics - University Roma Tre.
    2. Patrick Kline & Enrico Moretti, 2014. "People, Places, and Public Policy: Some Simple Welfare Economics of Local Economic Development Programs," Annual Review of Economics, Annual Reviews, vol. 6(1), pages 629-662, August.
    3. Thierry MAYER & Florian MAYNERIS & Loriane PY, 2012. "The Impact of Urban Enterprise Zones on Establishments' Location Decisions: Evidence from French ZFUs," Discussion Papers (IRES - Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales) 2012019, Université catholique de Louvain, Institut de Recherches Economiques et Sociales (IRES).
    4. Zheng, Guo & Barbieri, Elisa & Di Tommaso, Marco R. & Zhang, Lei, 2016. "Development zones and local economic growth: zooming in on the Chinese case," China Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 38(C), pages 238-249.
    5. Giulia Faggio, 2014. "Relocation of Public Sector Workers: Evaluating a Place-based Policy," SERC Discussion Papers 0155, Spatial Economics Research Centre, LSE.
    6. A. Bergeaud & S.Ray, 2017. "Adjustment Costs and Factor Demand: New Evidence From Firms’ Real Estate," Working papers 641, Banque de France.

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