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The effects of Labour Market Reforms upon Unemployment and Income Inequalities : an agent based model

Author

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  • G. Dosi

    (Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna)

  • M.C. Pereira

    (University of Campinas)

  • A. Roventini

    (Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna OFCE Sciences PO)

  • M.E. Virgillito Author-Workplace-Name Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna

Abstract

This paper is meant to analyse the e ects of labour market structural reforms by means of an agent-based model. Building on Dosi et al. (2016b) we introduce a policy regime change characterized by a set of structural reforms on the labour market, keeping constant the structure of the capital- and consumption-good markets. Con rming a recent IMF report (Jaumotte and Buitron, 2015), the model shows how labour market structural reforms reducing workers' bargaining power and compressing wages tend to increase (i) unemployment, (ii) functional income inequality, and (iii) personal income inequality. We further undertake a global sensitivity analysis on key variables and parameters which confirms the robustness of our findings.

Suggested Citation

  • G. Dosi & M.C. Pereira & A. Roventini & M.E. Virgillito Author-Workplace-Name Scuola Superiore Sant'Anna, 2016. "The effects of Labour Market Reforms upon Unemployment and Income Inequalities : an agent based model," Documents de Travail de l'OFCE 2016-24, Observatoire Francais des Conjonctures Economiques (OFCE).
  • Handle: RePEc:fce:doctra:1624
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Labor market structural reforms; Income distribution; Inequality; Unemployment; Long Run Growth;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • E02 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General - - - Institutions and the Macroeconomy
    • E12 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - General Aggregative Models - - - Keynes; Keynesian; Post-Keynesian; Modern Monetary Theory
    • E24 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Employment; Unemployment; Wages; Intergenerational Income Distribution; Aggregate Human Capital; Aggregate Labor Productivity
    • O11 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Development - - - Macroeconomic Analyses of Economic Development

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