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Impact of Refugees on Immigrants’ Labor Market Outcomes

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Listed:
  • Bilal Malaeb

    () (University of Oxford)

  • Jackline Wahba

Abstract

The Syrian refugee influx in Jordan came on top of an additional 1.6 million foreigners residing in Jordan. The non-national population of refugees and immigrants had increased Jordan’s population of 6.6 million by about 45%. This raises an important question on whether the inflow of refugees has displaced immigrants in the Jordanian labor market. In this paper, we use novel data from Jordan from before and after the Syrian refugee influx to test whether economic immigrants were affected by Syrian refugees. We address several threats to identifications: the selectivity of immigrants and the geographic sorting of immigrants and refugees within Jordan using instrumental variable approach. We find that, as a result of the Syrian refugee influx, immigrants were more likely to work in the informal sector, and they worked fewer hours and had lower total wages as a result. The results suggest that the main competition that occurred in the Jordanian labor market was not between refugees and natives, but rather between refugees and economic migrants.

Suggested Citation

  • Bilal Malaeb & Jackline Wahba, 2018. "Impact of Refugees on Immigrants’ Labor Market Outcomes," Working Papers 1194, Economic Research Forum, revised 10 May 2018.
  • Handle: RePEc:erg:wpaper:1194
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    7. Joshua D. Angrist & Adriana D. Kugler, 2003. "Protective or counter-productive? labour market institutions and the effect of immigration on eu natives," Economic Journal, Royal Economic Society, vol. 113(488), pages 302-331, June.
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    Cited by:

    1. Caroline Krafft & Susan Razzaz & Caitlyn Keo & Ragui Assaad, 2019. "The Number and Characteristics of Syrians in Jordan: A Multi-Source Analysis," Working Papers 1288, Economic Research Forum, revised 2019.
    2. Leonardo Peñaloza Pacheco, 2019. "Living with the Neighbors: The Effect of Venezuelan Forced Migration on Wages in Colombia," CEDLAS, Working Papers 0248, CEDLAS, Universidad Nacional de La Plata.
    3. Belal Fallah & Caroline Krafft & Jackline Wahba, 2018. "The Impact of Refugees on Employment and Wages in Jordan," Working Papers 1189, Economic Research Forum, revised 03 May 2018.
    4. repec:eee:deveco:v:139:y:2019:i:c:p:203-216 is not listed on IDEAS

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