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Financial development and industrial pollution

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  • De Haas, Ralph
  • Popov, Alexander

Abstract

We study the impact of financial market development on industrial pollution in a large panel of countries and industries over the period 1974-2013. We find a strong positive impact of credit markets, but a strong negative impact of stock markets, on aggregate CO2 emissions per capita. Industry-level analysis shows that stock market development (but not credit market development) is associated with cleaner production processes in technologically "dirty" industries. These industries also produce more green patents as stock markets develop. Moreover, our results suggest that stock markets (credit markets) reallocate investment towards more (less) carbon-efficient sectors. Together, these findings indicate that the evolution of a country's financial structure helps explain the non-linear relationship between economic development and environmental quality documented in the literature.

Suggested Citation

  • De Haas, Ralph & Popov, Alexander, 2018. "Financial development and industrial pollution," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 91310, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
  • Handle: RePEc:ehl:lserod:91310
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    2. Christina Atanasova & Eduardo S. Schwartz, 2019. "Stranded Fossil Fuel Reserves and Firm Value," NBER Working Papers 26497, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    3. Tian Xiong & Kaan Celebi & Paul J. J. Welfens, 2022. "OECD countries’ twin long-run challenge: The impact of aging dynamics and increasing natural disasters on savings ratios," International Economics and Economic Policy, Springer, vol. 19(4), pages 741-759, October.
    4. Hasan, Md. Bokhtiar & Wieloch, Justyna & Ali, Md. Sumon & Zikovic, Sasa & Uddin, Gazi Salah, 2023. "A new answer to the old question of the environmental Kuznets Curve (EKC). Does it work for BRICS countries?," Resources Policy, Elsevier, vol. 87(PB).
    5. Kin Sibanda & Rufaro Garidzirai & Farai Mushonga & Dorcas Gonese, 2023. "Natural Resource Rents, Institutional Quality, and Environmental Degradation in Resource-Rich Sub-Saharan African Countries," Sustainability, MDPI, vol. 15(2), pages 1-11, January.
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    More about this item

    Keywords

    financial development; industrial pollution; innovation; reallocation;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • G10 - Financial Economics - - General Financial Markets - - - General (includes Measurement and Data)
    • O4 - Economic Development, Innovation, Technological Change, and Growth - - Economic Growth and Aggregate Productivity
    • Q5 - Agricultural and Natural Resource Economics; Environmental and Ecological Economics - - Environmental Economics

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