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Financing constraints and unemployment: evidence from the Great Recession

Author

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  • Burcu Duygan-Bump
  • Alexey Levkov
  • Judit Montoriol-Garriga

Abstract

This paper exploits the differential financing needs across industrial sectors and provides strong empirical evidence that financing constraints of small businesses are important in explaining the unemployment dynamics around the Great Recession. In particular, we show that workers in small firms are more likely to become unemployed during the 2007-2009 financial crisis if they work in industries with high external financing needs. According to our estimates, eliminating financial constraints of small firms could add up to 850,000 jobs to the economy. We suggest that policies aimed at making credit available to small businesses would significantly help stabilize the labor markets and economic activity in the U.S.

Suggested Citation

  • Burcu Duygan-Bump & Alexey Levkov & Judit Montoriol-Garriga, 2010. "Financing constraints and unemployment: evidence from the Great Recession," Supervisory Research and Analysis Working Papers QAU10-6, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, revised 2010.
  • Handle: RePEc:fip:fedbqu:qau10-6
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Gregory F Udell, 2015. "SME Access to Intermediated Credit: What Do We Know and What Don't We Know?," RBA Annual Conference Volume (Discontinued), in: Angus Moore & John Simon (ed.), Small Business Conditions and Finance, Reserve Bank of Australia.
    2. Filipa Fernandes & Alexandros Kontonikas & Serafeim Tsoukas, 2014. "On the real effects of financial pressure: Evidence from euro area firm-level employment during the recent financial crisis," Working Papers 2014_09, Business School - Economics, University of Glasgow.
    3. Michelle L. Barnes & N. Aaron Pancost, 2010. "Internal sources of finance and the Great Recession," Working Papers 10-15, Federal Reserve Bank of Boston, revised 2010.
    4. Manuel Adelino & Song Ma & David T. Robinson, 2014. "Firm Age, Investment Opportunities, and Job Creation," NBER Working Papers 19845, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    5. Demirgüç-Kunt, Asli & Horváth, Bálint L. & Huizinga, Harry, 2017. "How does long-term finance affect economic volatility?," Journal of Financial Stability, Elsevier, vol. 33(C), pages 41-59.
    6. Nuri Ersahin & Rustom M. Irani, 2015. "Collateral Values and Corporate Employment," Working Papers 15-30, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    7. Haltenhof, Samuel & Jung Lee, Seung & Stebunovs, Viktors, 2014. "The credit crunch and fall in employment during the Great Recession," Journal of Economic Dynamics and Control, Elsevier, vol. 43(C), pages 31-57.
    8. Nuri Ersahin & Rustom M. Irani, 2015. "Collateral Values and Corporate Employment," Working Papers 15-30r, Center for Economic Studies, U.S. Census Bureau.
    9. Beckhusen, Julia, 2014. "Employment Transitions among the self-employed during the Great Recession," 2014 Annual Meeting, July 27-29, 2014, Minneapolis, Minnesota 170114, Agricultural and Applied Economics Association.
    10. Rebecca Zarutskie & Tiantian Yang, 2016. "How Did Young Firms Fare during the Great Recession? Evidence from the Kauffman Firm Survey," NBER Chapters, in: Measuring Entrepreneurial Businesses: Current Knowledge and Challenges, pages 253-290, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    11. Popov, Alexander & Rocholl, Jörg, 2015. "Financing constraints, employment, and labor compensation: evidence from the subprime mortgage crisis," Working Paper Series 1821, European Central Bank.
    12. Erdem Basci & Yusuf Soner Baskaya & Mustafa Kilinc, 2011. "Financial Shocks and Industrial Employment," Working Papers 1112, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    13. Michael Kleemann & Manuel Wiegand, 2014. "Are Real Effects of Credit Supply Overestimated? Bias from Firms' Current Situation and Future Expectations," ifo Working Paper Series 192, ifo Institute - Leibniz Institute for Economic Research at the University of Munich.
    14. Pu Liu & Yingying Shao, 2013. "Small business loan securitization and interstate risk sharing," Small Business Economics, Springer, vol. 41(2), pages 449-460, August.
    15. Kleemann, Michael & Wiegand, Manuel, 2013. "The causal effect of restrictive bank lending on employment growth: A matching approach," MPRA Paper 43529, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    16. Margherita Bottero & Simone Lenzu & Filippo Mezzanotti, 2014. "Sovereign Debt Exposure and the Bank Lending Channel: Impact on Credit Supply and the Real Economy," Working Paper 220976, Harvard University OpenScholar.
    17. Babu Baradwaj & Michaël Dewally & Yingying Shao, 2015. "Does Securitization Support Entrepreneurial Activity?," Journal of Financial Services Research, Springer;Western Finance Association, vol. 47(1), pages 1-25, February.
    18. Thomas A. Garrett, 2011. "A Federal Reserve System conference on research in applied microeconomics," Review, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, vol. 93(Nov), pages 455-462.
    19. Ray C. Fair, 2014. "The Financial Crisis and Macroeconomic Activity: 2008-2013," Cowles Foundation Discussion Papers 1944, Cowles Foundation for Research in Economics, Yale University, revised Feb 2015.
    20. Ferrando, Annalisa & Popov, Alexander & Udell, Gregory F., 2015. "Sovereign stress, unconventional monetary policy, and SME access to finance," Working Paper Series 1820, European Central Bank.
    21. Ana P. Fernandes & Priscila Ferreira, 2015. "Financing Constraints and Fixed-term Employment Contracts: Evidence from the 2008-2009 Financial Crisis," NIMA Working Papers 58, Núcleo de Investigação em Microeconomia Aplicada (NIMA), Universidade do Minho.
    22. Bulent Unel, 2016. "Offshoring and Unemployment in a Credit-Constrained Economy," Departmental Working Papers 2016-03, Department of Economics, Louisiana State University.
    23. Michael Siemer, 2014. "Firm Entry and Employment Dynamics in the Great Recession," Finance and Economics Discussion Series 2014-56, Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (U.S.), revised 30 Jul 2014.

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    Keywords

    Small business - Finance; Unemployment; Recessions; Financial crises - United States;

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