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Corporate investment and bank-dependent borrowers during the recent financial crisis

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  • Vermeulen, Philip
  • Buca, Andra

Abstract

We use the recent financial crisis period to analyse the effect of bank credit tightening on real firm investment. We derive a new set of credit tightening indexes from the ECB Bank Lending Survey. Combining these with annual balance sheet data from Germany, France, Italy, Spain, Belgium and Portugal, we exploit the heterogeneity in the dependence on bank finance of different industries to identify real effects of credit tightening. We show that in response to tightening, investment falls substantially more in bank-dependent industries. JEL Classification: E22, E44, G01

Suggested Citation

  • Vermeulen, Philip & Buca, Andra, 2015. "Corporate investment and bank-dependent borrowers during the recent financial crisis," Working Paper Series 1859, European Central Bank.
  • Handle: RePEc:ecb:ecbwps:20151859
    Note: 327651
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    Cited by:

    1. Tongurai, Jittima & Vithessonthi, Chaiporn, 2018. "The impact of the banking sector on economic structure and growth," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 56(C), pages 193-207.
    2. Guender, Alfred V, 2018. "Credit prices vs. credit quantities as predictors of economic activity in Europe: Which tell a better story?," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 57(C), pages 380-399.
    3. Gebauer, Stefan & Setzer, Ralph & Westphal, Andreas, 2018. "Corporate debt and investment: A firm-level analysis for stressed euro area countries," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 86(C), pages 112-130.
    4. Vermeulen, Philip, 2016. "The recovery of investment in the euro area in the aftermath of the great recession: how does it compare historically?," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 28.
    5. Gómez, Miguel García-Posada, 2018. "Credit constraints, firm investment and growth: evidence from survey data," Working Paper Series 2126, European Central Bank.
    6. Kadri Männasoo & Heili Hein, 2017. "Are R&D companies credit-constrained? Credit frictions during and post-crisis," TUT Economic Research Series 29, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.
    7. A. Bruggeman & Ch. Van Nieuwenhuyze, 2013. "Size and dynamics of debt positions in Belgium and in the euro area," Economic Review, National Bank of Belgium, issue i, pages 57-77, June.
    8. Brunella Bruno & Alexandra D’Onofrio & Immacolata Marino, 2017. "Financial Frictions and Corporate Investment in Bad Times. Who Cut Back Most?," CSEF Working Papers 463, Centre for Studies in Economics and Finance (CSEF), University of Naples, Italy, revised 02 May 2017.
    9. Miguel García-Posada Gómez, 2018. "Credit constraints, firms investment and growth evidence from survey data," Working Papers 1808, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    10. Chang, Kai & Zeng, Yonghong & Wang, Weihong & Wu, Xin, 2019. "The effects of credit policy and financial constraints on tangible and research & development investment: Firm-level evidence from China's renewable energy industry," Energy Policy, Elsevier, vol. 130(C), pages 438-447.
    11. Bernd Schwaab, 2012. "Conditional probabilities and contagion measures for euro area sovereign default risk," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 17, pages 6-11.
    12. Germán Gutiérrez & Thomas Philippon, 2017. "Declining Competition and Investment in the U.S," NBER Working Papers 23583, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    13. Aslan, Hadiye & Kumar, Praveen, 2018. "The real effects of forced sales of corporate bonds," Journal of Monetary Economics, Elsevier, vol. 95(C), pages 1-17.
    14. Philip Vermeulen, 2012. "Bank dependence and investment during the financial crisis," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 17, pages 12-14.
    15. Lawrenz, Jochen & Oberndorfer, Julia, 2018. "Firm size effects in trade credit supply and demand," Journal of Banking & Finance, Elsevier, vol. 93(C), pages 1-20.
    16. Heili Hein & Kadri Männasoo, 2017. "Are business obstacles different for R&D companies?," TUT Economic Research Series 33, Department of Finance and Economics, Tallinn University of Technology.
    17. Mercatanti, Andrea & Mäkinen, Taneli & Silvestrini, Andrea, 2019. "The role of financial factors for European corporate investment," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 96(C), pages 246-258.
    18. Óscar Arce & Miguel García-Posada & Sergio Mayordomo & Steven Ongena, 2018. "Adapting lending policies when negative interest rates hit banks’ profits," Working Papers 1832, Banco de España;Working Papers Homepage.
    19. Simone Manganelli, 2012. "The impact of the Securities Markets Programme," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 17, pages 2-5.
    20. James, Hui Liang & Wang, Hongxia & Xie, Yamin, 2018. "Busy directors and firm performance: Does firm location matter?," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 45(C), pages 1-37.
    21. Agostino Consolo & Marco Langiulli & David Sondermann, 2019. "Business investment in euro area countries: the role of institutions and debt overhang," Applied Economics Letters, Taylor & Francis Journals, vol. 26(7), pages 561-575, April.
    22. Marco Guerzoni & Consuelo R. Nava & Massimiliano Nuccio, 2019. "The survival of start-ups in time of crisis. A machine learning approach to measure innovation," Papers 1911.01073, arXiv.org.
    23. Philip Vermeulen, 2016. "The recovery of investment in the euro area in the aftermath of the great recession: how does it compare historically?," Research Bulletin, European Central Bank, vol. 28.
    24. repec:ecb:ecbrbu:2016:0028:1 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    corporate investment; credit crunch; financial crisis;

    JEL classification:

    • E22 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Investment; Capital; Intangible Capital; Capacity
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises

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