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Financial crises and time- varying risk premia in a small open economy: a Markov-Switching DSGE model for Estonia

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  • Boris Blagov

Abstract

Under a currency board the central bank relinquishes control over its monetary policy and domestic interest rates converge toward the foreign rates. Nevertheless a spread between both usually remains. This spread can be persistently positive due to increased risk in the economy. This paper models that feature by building a DSGE model with a currency board, where the domestic interest rate is derived as a function of the foreign rate, the external debt position and an exogenous risk premium component. Applying Markov-Switching allows for time variation in the volatility of the risk premium component. The model shows that the size of risk premia shocks in an economy with a currency board is small in quiet times but the shocks are much larger during crises, which the standard model would understate. The model is applied with Bayesian methods to Estonian data and is able to match the banking and financial crises

Suggested Citation

  • Boris Blagov, 2013. "Financial crises and time- varying risk premia in a small open economy: a Markov-Switching DSGE model for Estonia," Bank of Estonia Working Papers wp2013-8, Bank of Estonia, revised 09 Dec 2013.
  • Handle: RePEc:eea:boewps:wp2013-8
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    Cited by:

    1. Istvan Konya & Franklin Maduko, 2018. "Interest premium and external position: a time varying approach," CERS-IE WORKING PAPERS 1829, Institute of Economics, Centre for Economic and Regional Studies.
    2. Baranowski, Paweł & Kuchta, Zbigniew, 2015. "Changes in nominal rigidities in Poland – a regime switching DSGE perspective," MPRA Paper 70573, University Library of Munich, Germany, revised Mar 2016.
    3. Konya, Istvan & Maduko, Franklin, 2020. "Interest premium and external position: A state dependent approach," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 66(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Markov-Switching DSGE Models; currency board; stochastic risk premium;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • C51 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Construction and Estimation
    • C52 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Econometric Modeling - - - Model Evaluation, Validation, and Selection

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