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The Long-Term Effect of Age at School Entry on Competencies in Adulthood

Author

Listed:
  • Katja Görlitz
  • Merlin Penny
  • Marcus Tamm

Abstract

The previous literature has shown that children who enter school at a more advanced age outperform their younger classmates on competency tests taken between kindergarten and Grade 10. This study analyzes whether these effects of school starting age continue into adulthood. Based on data on math and language test scores for adults in Germany, the identification of the long-term causal effects exploits state and year variation in school entry regulations. The results show that there are no effects of school starting age (SSA) on competencies in math and text comprehension. However, the long-term SSA effect is sizable on receptive vocabulary.

Suggested Citation

  • Katja Görlitz & Merlin Penny & Marcus Tamm, 2019. "The Long-Term Effect of Age at School Entry on Competencies in Adulthood," Discussion Papers of DIW Berlin 1789, DIW Berlin, German Institute for Economic Research.
  • Handle: RePEc:diw:diwwpp:dp1789
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Dahmann, Sarah C. & Schnitzlein, Daniel D., 2019. "No evidence for a protective effect of education on mental health," Social Science & Medicine, Elsevier, vol. 241(C).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    School starting age; education; cognitive competencies; instrumental variable estimates;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • I21 - Health, Education, and Welfare - - Education - - - Analysis of Education
    • J21 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Demand and Supply of Labor - - - Labor Force and Employment, Size, and Structure
    • J31 - Labor and Demographic Economics - - Wages, Compensation, and Labor Costs - - - Wage Level and Structure; Wage Differentials

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