The Unemployment Gender Gap in a Comparative Perspective
This paper analyses the unemployment gender gap by using a three-state labour market model (Employment, Unemployment, Inactivity) which enables us to determine the equilibrium (steady-state) unemployment rate and the contribution that a single transition probability from each state makes to the unemployment differentials between males and females. This investigation falls within a comparative framework, in that we apply our methodology to the Italian and the UK labour markets. This comparison is relevant in that it considers two diversified institutional contexts, one typical of the so called Anglo-Saxon model, characterised by more flexible labour market legislations, and the continental model, which in contrast involves tighter legislative controls and more restrictive institutions. The analysis draws on the Italian and the UK Labour Force Surveys for the period 2006-2013. In addition, we propose an econometric model which enables us to estimate the determinants of the unemployment gender gaps, in order to pinpoint the relative role of individual characteristics (age, human capital) and other structural factors in determining such a gap.
|Date of creation:||05 Mar 2015|
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