The natural rate of unemployment and the unemployment gender gap
Recent labour market developments include an increase in labour market mismatches, in that high unemployment rates coexist with significant levels of vacancies. This pattern is particularly evident in the US economy, but is also significant within the European Union; it implies that the natural rate of unemployment may rise significantly, thus suggesting that even if policies aimed at reducing it are implemented, the unemployment rate may remain steady if not increase. An important factor possibly influencing such an increase is related to the gender differential in employment opportunities. This is particularly relevant wherever such a differential represents a structural characteristic of the labour market, as in the case of Italy. The present work focuses on this issue and presents a methodology to decompose the natural rate of unemployment by gender, thus defining it in terms of equilibrium labour market flows between the aggregate states of the labour market (Employment, Unemployment, Non Labour Force). In addition, we propose estimates of the determinants of the unemployment gender gap, in order to pinpoint the relative roles of individual characteristics and structural factors in determining this difference.
|Date of creation:||Dec 2011|
|Date of revision:|
|Contact details of provider:|| Web page: http://www.unicatt.it/Dipartimenti/DISES|
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- Ghazala Azmat & Maia Güell & Alan Manning, 2004.
"Gender Gaps in Unemployment Rates in OECD Countries,"
CEP Discussion Papers
dp0607, Centre for Economic Performance, LSE.
- Ghazala Azmat & Maia Güell & Alan Manning, 2006. "Gender Gaps in Unemployment Rates in OECD Countries," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 24(1), pages 1-38, January.
- Ghazala Azmat & Maia Guell & Alan Manning, 2004. "Gender gaps in unemployment rates in OECD countries," LSE Research Online Documents on Economics 19995, London School of Economics and Political Science, LSE Library.
- Azmat, Ghazala & Güell, Maia & Manning, Alan, 2004. "Gender Gaps in Unemployment Rates in OECD Countries," CEPR Discussion Papers 4307, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
- Ghazala Azmat & Maia Güell & Alan Manning, 2003. "Gender Gaps in Unemployment Rates in OECD Countries," Working Papers 137, Barcelona Graduate School of Economics.
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- Martin Schindler, 2009. "The Italian Labor Market; Recent Trends, Institutions, and Reform Options," IMF Working Papers 09/47, International Monetary Fund.
- Matteo PICCHIO, 2006. "Temporary Jobs and State Dependence in Italy," Working Papers 272, Universita' Politecnica delle Marche (I), Dipartimento di Scienze Economiche e Sociali.
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