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Naturalization Proclivities, Ethnicity and Integration

  • Constant, Amelie
  • Gataullina, Liliya
  • Zimmermann, Klaus F

This paper studies the determinants of naturalization among Turkish and ex-Yugoslav immigrants in Germany differentiating between actual and planned citizenship. Using the German Socio-Economic Panel, we measure the impact that integration and ethnicity indicators exert on the probability to naturalize beyond the standard individual and human capital characteristics. A robust finding is that German citizenship is very valuable to female immigrants and the generally better educated, but not to those educated in Germany. We find that the degree of integration in German society has a differential effect on citizenship acquisition. While a longer residence in Germany has a negative influence on actual or future naturalization, arriving at a younger age and having close German friends are strong indicators of a positive proclivity to citizenship acquisition. Likewise, ethnic origins and religion also influence these decisions. Muslim immigrants in Germany are more willing to become German citizens than non-Muslim immigrants, but there are also fewer German citizens among Muslims than among non-Muslims.

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Paper provided by C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers in its series CEPR Discussion Papers with number 6656.

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Date of creation: Jan 2008
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Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:6656
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  1. Bernt Bratsberg & James F. Ragan & Zafar M. Nasir, 2002. "The Effect of Naturalization on Wage Growth: A Panel Study of Young Male Immigrants," Journal of Labor Economics, University of Chicago Press, vol. 20(3), pages 568-597, July.
  2. Constant, Amelie & Zimmermann, Klaus F, 2006. "Legal Status at Entry, Economic Performance and Self-Employment Proclivity: A Bi-National Study of Immigrants," CEPR Discussion Papers 5696, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  3. Amelie Constant & Klaus F. Zimmermann, 2007. "Circular Migration: Counts of Exits and Years away from the Host Country," SOEPpapers on Multidisciplinary Panel Data Research 40, DIW Berlin, The German Socio-Economic Panel (SOEP).
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