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Countercyclical Liquidity Policy and Credit Cycles: Evidence from Macroprudential and Monetary Policy in Brazil

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  • Barbone Gonzalez, Rodrigo
  • Blanco Barroso, João Barata R.
  • Peydró, José Luis
  • van Doornik, Bernardus

Abstract

We show that countercyclical liquidity policy smooths credit supply cycles, with stronger crisis effects. For identification, we exploit the Brazilian supervisory credit register and liquidity policy changes on reserve requirements, that affected banks differentially and have a monetary and prudential purpose. Liquidity policy strongly attenuates both the credit crunch in bad times and high credit supply in booms. Strong economic effects are twice as large during the crisis easing than during the boom tightening. Finally, in crises, liquidity easing: increase less credit supply by more financially constrained banks; and collateral requirements increase substantially, especially by banks providing higher credit supply.

Suggested Citation

  • Barbone Gonzalez, Rodrigo & Blanco Barroso, João Barata R. & Peydró, José Luis & van Doornik, Bernardus, 2020. "Countercyclical Liquidity Policy and Credit Cycles: Evidence from Macroprudential and Monetary Policy in Brazil," CEPR Discussion Papers 15274, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
  • Handle: RePEc:cpr:ceprdp:15274
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    Cited by:

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    2. Andrea Fabiani & Martha López Piñeros & José-Luis Peydró & Paul E. Soto, 2021. "Capital controls, domestic macroprudential policy and the bank lending channel of monetary policy," Economics Working Papers 1816, Department of Economics and Business, Universitat Pompeu Fabra.
    3. Martínez, J-F. & Peiris, M.U. & Tsomocos, D.P., 2020. "Macroprudential policy analysis in an estimated DSGE model with a heterogeneous banking system: An application to Chile," Latin American Journal of Central Banking (previously Monetaria), Elsevier, vol. 1(1).

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Credit cycles; liquidity; macroprudential and monetary policy; reserve requirements;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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