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Countercyclical reserve requirements in a heterogeneous-agent and incomplete financial markets economy

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  • Bustamante, Christian
  • Hamann, Franz

Abstract

For a long time reserve requirements fell into disuse as a countercyclical monetary policy tool. Recently, while developed countries struggled to deal the financial crisis, several emerging countries resorted to them as part of the macro-prudential policy toolkit. The apparent success of such non-conventional instruments in mitigating business cycle fluctuations raises the question whether they deserve full credit for that or some merit should be given to conventional instruments, like short-term interest rates. To answer this question, we use a dynamic stochastic general equilibrium model with risk-averse financial intermediaries, heterogeneous agents facing uninsurable idiosyncratic risk and a central bank that implements countercyclical policy using two instruments: short-term rates and reserve requirements. In this environment, in which agents’ wealth matters for their consumption and savings decisions, we find that using reserve requirements as a countercyclical tool marginally helps to reduce the consumption volatility and that its effect becomes quantitatively relevant only if banks are sufficiently risk averse. Two factors drive our results: the presence of interest rate risk and the imperfect substitution between bank liabilities.

Suggested Citation

  • Bustamante, Christian & Hamann, Franz, 2015. "Countercyclical reserve requirements in a heterogeneous-agent and incomplete financial markets economy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 55-70.
  • Handle: RePEc:eee:jmacro:v:46:y:2015:i:c:p:55-70
    DOI: 10.1016/j.jmacro.2015.08.002
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    Cited by:

    1. Blanco Barroso, Joao & Barbone Gonzalez, Rodrigo & Peydró, José-Luis & Nazar van Doornik, Bernardus, 2019. "Countercyclical Liquidity Policy and Credit Cycles: Evidence from Macroprudential and Monetary Policy in Brazil," EconStor Preprints 216792, ZBW - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics.
    2. João Barata R B Barroso & Rodrigo Barbone Gonzalez & Bernardus F Nazar Van Doornik, 2017. "Credit supply responses to reserve requirement: loan-level evidence from macroprudential policy," BIS Working Papers 674, Bank for International Settlements.
    3. Alin-Marius Andries & Florentina Melnic & Simona Nistor, 2018. "Effects of Macroprudential Policy on Systemic Risk and Bank Risk Taking," Czech Journal of Economics and Finance (Finance a uver), Charles University Prague, Faculty of Social Sciences, vol. 68(3), pages 202-244, July.
    4. Glocker, C., 2021. "Reserve requirements and financial stability," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    5. Glocker, Christian, 2019. "Do reserve requirements reduce the risk of bank failure?," MPRA Paper 95634, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Wei, Xiaoyun & Li, Jie & Han, Liyan, 2020. "Optimal targeted reduction in reserve requirement ratio in China," Economic Modelling, Elsevier, vol. 85(C), pages 1-15.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary policy; Reserve requirements; Dynamic general equilibrium;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C68 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computable General Equilibrium Models
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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