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Política monetaria contracíclica y encaje bancario

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  • Christian Bustamante

Abstract

A pesar de que el encaje bancario era un instrumento de política monetaria que venía cayendo en desuso, recientemente, varios países lo han empleado con aparente éxito en el marco de una política monetaria contracíclica y macroprudencial. Surge entonces la pregunta de si dicho éxito se dio por la utilización del encaje per se, o porque el encaje reforzó el efecto de la política de tasas de interés. Para responder este interrogante, se construye un modelo de equilibrio general con agentes heterogéneos e intermediarios financieros aversos al riesgo. Se encuentra que un manejo contracíclico del encaje bancario contribuye a reducir marginalmente la volatilidad de las fluctuaciones del consumo. Su efecto cobra mayor importancia a medida que los bancos son más aversos al riesgo.

Suggested Citation

  • Christian Bustamante, 2011. "Política monetaria contracíclica y encaje bancario," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008202, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:008202
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    Cited by:

    1. Ramiro Rodríguez Revilla, 2011. "Modelos de equilibrio general dinámicos y estocásticos para Colombia 1995-2011," Revista Ecos de Economía, Universidad EAFIT, December.
    2. Tovar, Camilo & Garcia-Escribano, Mercedes & Vera, Mercedes, 2012. "El crecimiento del crédito y la efectividad de los requerimientos de encaje y otros instrumentos macroprudenciales en América Latina," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 24, pages 45-64.
    3. Hernando Vargas, Pamela Cardozo and Andrés Murcia, 2017. "The macroprudential policy framework in Colombia," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Macroprudential policy frameworks, implementation and relationships with other policies, volume 94, pages 103-128, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Andrés González & Lavan Mahadeva & Juan D. Prada & Diego Rodríguez, 2011. "Policy Analysis Tool Applied to Colombian Needs: Patacon Model Description," Revista ESPE - Ensayos sobre Política Económica, Banco de la Republica de Colombia, vol. 29(66), pages 222-245, December.
    5. Diego Alejandro Martínez-Cruz, 2021. "Indicador Combinado de Liquidez para la Deuda Pública Local Colombiana," Borradores de Economia 1167, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    6. Miguel Ángel Morales Mosquera, 2011. "Concentración y estabilidad financiero: el caso del sistema bancario colombiano," Temas de Estabilidad Financiera 058, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Carrera, César, 2012. "Políticas de Encajes y Modelos Económicos," Working Papers 2012-006, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Política monetaria; encaje bancario; intermediación financiera; modelos de equilibrio general; agentes heterogéneos.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • C63 - Mathematical and Quantitative Methods - - Mathematical Methods; Programming Models; Mathematical and Simulation Modeling - - - Computational Techniques
    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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