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Encajes bancarios y tasas de interés

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Abstract

Los requerimientos de encaje perdieron importancia como instrumento de la política monetariaen la medida en que el crecimiento de los agregados monetarios dejó de ser el objetivo intermedio dela política en varios países. Sin embargo, algunos bancos centrales que utilizan las tasas de interéscomo instrumento de política han hecho uso de los encajes para fortalecer el control monetario en ciertas coyunturas. ¿Cuál es la efectividad de los encajes en un régimen que, por construcción, endogeniza la oferta monetaria para estabilizar las tasas de interés de corto plazo? En este documento se analiza teóricamente el efecto que pueden tener los encajes sobre la tasa de interés de los créditos y sobre la cartera del sistema financiero bajo un esquema monetario de tasas de interés. Se encuentra que dicho efecto depende de la existencia de incertidumbre sobre latasa de interés de política futura y del consecuente riesgo que deben enfrentar los intermediarios financieros cuando los plazos de los créditos y los depósitos bancarios difieren de los plazos del crédito del banco central.

Suggested Citation

  • Rocío Betancourt & Hernando Vargas, 2009. "Encajes bancarios y tasas de interés," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 27(59), pages 158-186, June.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000107:006898
    DOI: 10.32468/Espe.5905
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    1. Bustamante, Christian & Hamann, Franz, 2015. "Countercyclical reserve requirements in a heterogeneous-agent and incomplete financial markets economy," Journal of Macroeconomics, Elsevier, vol. 46(C), pages 55-70.
    2. Christian Bustamante, 2011. "Política monetaria contracíclica y encaje bancario," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008202, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    3. Gómez, Esteban & Murcia, Andrés & Lizarazo, Angélica & Mendoza, Juan Carlos, 2020. "Evaluating the impact of macroprudential policies on credit growth in Colombia," Journal of Financial Intermediation, Elsevier, vol. 42(C).
    4. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "The Use of Reserve Requirements in an Optimal Monetary Policy Framework," Borradores de Economia 716i, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2013. "El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima," Revista Desarrollo y Sociedad, Universidad de los Andes – Facultad de Economía – CEDE, December.
    6. Carrera, César, 2012. "Políticas de Encajes y Modelos Económicos," Working Papers 2012-006, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    7. Pérez-Forero, Fernando & Vega, Marco, 2014. "The Dynamic Effects of Interest Rates and Reserve Requirements," Working Papers 2014-018, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    encajes bancarios; inflación objetivo; riesgo de tasa de interés.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages

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