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Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk, and Bank Lending Behavior

Author

Listed:
  • Koray Alper

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Mahir Binici

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Selva Demiralp

    (Koc University)

  • Hakan Kara

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Pınar Ozlu

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

Abstract

Although reserve requirements have been used in emerging markets to smooth credit cycles, the exact transmission mechanism remains to be explored. Using bank level data, this study looks inside the black-box to unveil the interaction of reserve requirement policy with bank lending. We identify a new channel that works through a decline in bank liquidity and loan supply due to an increase in reserve requirements. We show that “quantitative tightening” through reserve requirements affect the funding needs and the liquidity position of the banking system. The consequent changes in bank liquidity have a significant impact on the bank lending behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Koray Alper & Mahir Binici & Selva Demiralp & Hakan Kara & Pınar Ozlu, 2016. "Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk, and Bank Lending Behavior," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1612, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
  • Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1612
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    Cited by:

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    2. Paolo Fegatelli, 2021. "The one trillion euro digital currency: How to issue a digital euro without threatening monetary policy transmission and financial stability?," BCL working papers 155, Central Bank of Luxembourg.
    3. Glocker, C., 2021. "Reserve requirements and financial stability," Journal of International Financial Markets, Institutions and Money, Elsevier, vol. 71(C).
    4. Cem Cakmakli & Selva Demiralp, 2020. "A Dynamic Evaluation of Central Bank Credibility," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 2015, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
    5. Glocker, Christian, 2019. "Do reserve requirements reduce the risk of bank failure?," MPRA Paper 95634, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    6. Murat AKÇA & Vedat KAYA, 2023. "Effectiveness of Unconventional Monetary Policy Tools on Financial Stability: A NARDL Approach for Turkey," Bingol University Journal of Economics and Administrative Sciences, Bingol University, Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences, vol. 7(1), pages 63-80, June.
    7. Thai V. H. Nguyen & Agyenim Boateng & Tra Thi Thu Pham, 2019. "Involuntary excess reserve and heterogeneous transmission of policy rates to bank lending rates in China," Empirical Economics, Springer, vol. 57(3), pages 1023-1044, September.
    8. Ozatay, Fatih, 2020. "Paving the Way for an Economic Crisis with High Leverage and Currency Mismatches: 2018-19 Crisis in Turkey," MPRA Paper 104951, University Library of Munich, Germany.
    9. Ćehajić, Aida & Košak, Marko, 2021. "Macroprudential measures and developments in bank funding costs," International Review of Financial Analysis, Elsevier, vol. 78(C).
    10. Nazim Kadri Ekinci, 2018. "Credit, Capital Flows and Monetary Policy: A Post-Keynesian Analysis," World Journal of Applied Economics, WERI-World Economic Research Institute, vol. 4(2), pages 55-74, December.
    11. Arhan S. Ertan & Gürbüz Kıran, 2021. "Global financial environment or monetary transmission mechanism? The (special) dynamics of Turkey's external deficit after 2002," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 26(3), pages 4054-4076, July.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary transmission mechanism; liquidity channel; reserve requirements; Turkey.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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