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Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk, and Bank Lending Behavior

Author

Listed:
  • Koray Alper

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Mahir Binici

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Selva Demiralp

    () (Koc University)

  • Hakan Kara

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

  • Pınar Ozlu

    (Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey)

Abstract

Although reserve requirements have been used in emerging markets to smooth credit cycles, the exact transmission mechanism remains to be explored. Using bank level data, this study looks inside the black-box to unveil the interaction of reserve requirement policy with bank lending. We identify a new channel that works through a decline in bank liquidity and loan supply due to an increase in reserve requirements. We show that “quantitative tightening” through reserve requirements affect the funding needs and the liquidity position of the banking system. The consequent changes in bank liquidity have a significant impact on the bank lending behavior.

Suggested Citation

  • Koray Alper & Mahir Binici & Selva Demiralp & Hakan Kara & Pınar Ozlu, 2016. "Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk, and Bank Lending Behavior," Koç University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum Working Papers 1612, Koc University-TUSIAD Economic Research Forum.
  • Handle: RePEc:koc:wpaper:1612
    as

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    File URL: http://eaf.ku.edu.tr/sites/eaf.ku.edu.tr/files/erf_wp_1612.pdf
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    References listed on IDEAS

    as
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    3. Kishan, Ruby P & Opiela, Timothy P, 2000. "Bank Size, Bank Capital, and the Bank Lending Channel," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 32(1), pages 121-141, February.
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    5. Koray Alper & Mahir Binici & Selva Demiralp & Hakan Kara & Pinar Ozlu, 2014. "Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk and Credit Growth," Working Papers 1424, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
    6. Bernanke, Ben S & Blinder, Alan S, 1992. "The Federal Funds Rate and the Channels of Monetary Transmission," American Economic Review, American Economic Association, vol. 82(4), pages 901-921, September.
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    Full references (including those not matched with items on IDEAS)

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary transmission mechanism; liquidity channel; reserve requirements; Turkey.;

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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