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Reserve requirements as a financial stability instrument

Author

Listed:
  • Cantú, Carlos

    (Bank for International Settlements)

  • Gondo, Rocio

    (Banco Central de Reserva del Perú)

  • Martínez, Berenice

    (Bank for International Settlements)

Abstract

We quantify the economic trade-offs of using reserve requirements (RR) with a financial stability objective. We estimate the costs of a tightening in RR by calculating the fall of bank credit and industrial production growth in a panel VAR. Then, we estimate the benefits by calculating the drop in frequency and incidence of financial distress episodes in an early warning system model. We find that RR are an effective financial stability tool. The economic gains from a lower probability of financial distress more than compensate the initial reduction in economic activity. Additionally, we find that the effects of RR, both in terms of costs and benefits, are greater in emerging market economies compared to advanced economies. Finally, we show that single RR and RR by maturity have a greater positive effect, whereas RR by currency could be responding to other objectives such as financial dedollarisation.

Suggested Citation

  • Cantú, Carlos & Gondo, Rocio & Martínez, Berenice, 2019. "Reserve requirements as a financial stability instrument," Working Papers 2019-014, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:wpaper:2019-014
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    reserve requirements; macroprudential policy; financial distress episodes; cost-benefit analysis;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics
    • G01 - Financial Economics - - General - - - Financial Crises
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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