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El crecimiento del crédito y la efectividad de los requerimientos de encaje y otros instrumentos macroprudenciales en América Latina

Author

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  • Tovar, Camilo
  • Garcia-Escribano, Mercedes
  • Vera, Mercedes

Abstract

Durante la década pasada, las autoridades de política económica en América Latina han adoptado varios instrumentos macroprudenciales para controlar la prociclicidad del crédito al sector privado y para contener riesgos sistémicos. En particular, los requerimientos de encaje han sido empleados activamente. A pesar de su uso extendido, poco se sabe acerca de su efectividad y de cómo interactúan con la política monetaria. Este estudio reporta evidencia para países latinoamericanos sobre cómo los requerimientos de encaje influencian el crecimiento del crédito bancario. Los resultados muestran que estos instrumentos tienen un efecto moderado y transitorio, así como un rol complementario con la política monetaria.

Suggested Citation

  • Tovar, Camilo & Garcia-Escribano, Mercedes & Vera, Mercedes, 2012. "El crecimiento del crédito y la efectividad de los requerimientos de encaje y otros instrumentos macroprudenciales en América Latina," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 24, pages 45-64.
  • Handle: RePEc:rbp:esteco:ree-24-03
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Marco Vega & Adrian Armas & Paul Castillo, 2014. "Inflation Targeting and Quantitative Tightening: Effects of Reserve Requirements in Peru," ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, ECONOMIA JOURNAL OF THE LATIN AMERICAN AND CARIBBEAN ECONOMIC ASSOCIATION, vol. 0(Fall 2014), pages 133-175, June.
    2. Leonardo Villar & José Vicente Romero & César Pabón, 2015. "Política cambiaria, monetaria y fiscal: ¿ha aprendido Colombia a mitigar los efectos de las crisis?," Informes de Investigación 013616, Fedesarrollo.
    3. Renzo Rossini & Adrián Armas & Zenón Quispe, 2014. "Global policy spillovers and Peru’s monetary policy: inflation targeting, foreign exchange intervention and reserve requirements," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), The transmission of unconventional monetary policy to the emerging markets, volume 78, pages 241-264, Bank for International Settlements.
    4. Marco Vega & Adrian Armas & Paul Castillo, 2014. "Inflation Targeting and Quantitative Tightening: Effects of Reserve Requirements in Peru," Economía Journal, The Latin American and Caribbean Economic Association - LACEA, vol. 0(Fall 2014), pages 133-175, June.
    5. Pérez-Forero, Fernando & Vega, Marco, 2014. "The Dynamic Effects of Interest Rates and Reserve Requirements," Working Papers 2014-018, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    6. Winkelried, Diego, 2013. "Modelo de Proyección Trimestral del BCRP: Actualización y novedades," Revista Estudios Económicos, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú, issue 26, pages 9-60.

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    More about this item

    JEL classification:

    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies
    • G21 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Banks; Other Depository Institutions; Micro Finance Institutions; Mortgages
    • G28 - Financial Economics - - Financial Institutions and Services - - - Government Policy and Regulation

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