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Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk and Credit Growth

Author

Listed:
  • Koray Alper
  • Mahir Binici
  • Selva Demiralp
  • Hakan Kara
  • Pinar Ozlu

Abstract

Many central banks in emerging economies have used reserve requirements (RR) to alleviate the trade-off between financial stability and price stability in recent years. Notwithstanding their widespread use, transmission channels of RR have remained largely as a black-box. In this paper, we use bank-level data to explore the interaction between RR and bank lending behavior. Our empirical findings suggest that short-term borrowing from the central bank is not a close substitute for deposits for banks. Bank lending behavior responds significantly to reserve requirements and liquidity positions. Our analysis allows us to identify a new channel that we name as the �liquidity channel�. The channel works through a decline in bank liquidity and loan supply due to an increase in reserve requirements.

Suggested Citation

  • Koray Alper & Mahir Binici & Selva Demiralp & Hakan Kara & Pinar Ozlu, 2014. "Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk and Credit Growth," Working Papers 1424, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey.
  • Handle: RePEc:tcb:wpaper:1424
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    Cited by:

    1. Mahmut Çelik & Ayla Oğuş Binatlı, 2022. "How Effective Are Macroprudential Policy Instruments? Evidence from Turkey," Economies, MDPI, vol. 10(4), pages 1-17, March.
    2. Hakan Kara, 2016. "A brief assessment of Turkey's macroprudential policy approach : 2011–2015," Central Bank Review, Research and Monetary Policy Department, Central Bank of the Republic of Turkey, vol. 16(3), pages 85-92.
    3. Małgorzata Olszak & Sylwia Roszkowska & Iwona Kowalska, 2018. "The Joint Effect Of Borrower Targeted Macroprudential Instruments And Capital Regulations On Procyclicality Of Loan-Loss Provisions," Copernican Journal of Finance & Accounting, Uniwersytet Mikolaja Kopernika, vol. 7(3), pages 29-53.
    4. Joseph Bitar, 2022. "A note on reserve requirements and banks' liquidity," International Journal of Finance & Economics, John Wiley & Sons, Ltd., vol. 27(4), pages 4837-4852, October.
    5. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Alper, Koray & Pereira da Silva, Luiz, 2018. "External shocks, financial volatility and reserve requirements in an open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 23-43.
    6. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Alper, Koray & Pereira da Silva, Luiz A., 2014. "Sudden floods, macroprudential regulation and stability in an open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(PA), pages 68-100.
    7. Brei, Michael & Moreno, Ramon, 2019. "Reserve requirements and capital flows in Latin America," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 99(C).
    8. Ridvan Cabukel, 2017. "Regulatory Compliance Costs on International Banks in Turkey," International Journal of Finance & Banking Studies, Center for the Strategic Studies in Business and Finance, vol. 6(1), pages 11-24, January.
    9. Cantú, Carlos & Gondo, Rocio & Martínez, Berenice, 2019. "Reserve requirements as a financial stability instrument," Working Papers 2019-014, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    10. Carlos Cantú & Rocío Gondo & Berenice Martinez, 2024. "Reserve requirements as a financial stability instrument," BIS Working Papers 1182, Bank for International Settlements.
    11. Koray Alper & Mahir Binici & Selva Demiralp & Hakan Kara & Pinar Özlü, 2018. "Reserve Requirements, Liquidity Risk, and Bank Lending Behavior," Journal of Money, Credit and Banking, Blackwell Publishing, vol. 50(4), pages 817-827, June.
    12. Anthony Orji & Christian E. Ugwu & Jonathan E. Ogbuabor & Onyinye I. Anthony-Orji & Lynda C. Nwufo, 2022. "Cash Reserve Ratio and Credit to Micro-, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises in Developing Economies. Analysis of Transmission Channels Using Nigerian Data," Finansovyj žhurnal — Financial Journal, Financial Research Institute, Moscow 125375, Russia, issue 1, pages 71-88, February.
    13. Hakan Kara, 2016. "Turkey's experience with macroprudential policy," BIS Papers chapters, in: Bank for International Settlements (ed.), Macroprudential policy, volume 86, pages 123-139, Bank for International Settlements.
    14. Pérez-Forero, Fernando & Vega, Marco, 2014. "The Dynamic Effects of Interest Rates and Reserve Requirements," Working Papers 2014-018, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    15. Nazim Kadri Ekinci, 2018. "Credit, Capital Flows and Monetary Policy: A Post-Keynesian Analysis," World Journal of Applied Economics, WERI-World Economic Research Institute, vol. 4(2), pages 55-74, December.
    16. Akturk, Halit & Gocen, Hasan & Duran, Suleyman, 2015. "Money Multiplier under Reserve Option Mechanism," MPRA Paper 64803, University Library of Munich, Germany.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Monetary Transmission Mechanism; Liquidity Risk; Bank Lending Channel; Turkey;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy

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