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Política monetaria contracíclica y encaje bancario

  • Christian Bustamante


A pesar de que el encaje bancario era un instrumento de política monetaria que venía cayendo en desuso, recientemente, varios países lo han empleado con aparente éxito en el marco de una política monetaria contracíclica y macroprudencial. Surge entonces la pregunta de si dicho éxito se dio por la utilización del encaje per se, o porque el encaje reforzó el efecto de la política de tasas de interés. Para responder este interrogante, se construye un modelo de equilibrio general con agentes heterogéneos e intermediarios financieros aversos al riesgo. Se encuentra que un manejo contracíclico del encaje bancario contribuye a reducir marginalmente la volatilidad de las fluctuaciones del consumo. Su efecto cobra mayor importancia a medida que los bancos son más aversos al riesgo.

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Paper provided by Banco de la Republica de Colombia in its series Borradores de Economia with number 646.

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Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:646
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