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Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy

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  • Juan David Prada Sarmiento

Abstract

This paper analyses the role of a costly financial system in the transmission of monetarypolicy. The new-keynesian model for a small open economy is extended with asimple financial system based in Hamann and Oviedo (2006). The presence of the financialintermediation naturally allows the introduction of standard policy instruments: therepo interest rate and the compulsory requirement of reserves. The model is calibrated tomatch key steady-state ratios of Colombia and is used to evaluate the alternative policyinstruments. The financial system plays an important role in the transmission mechanismof the monetary policy, and determines the final effects on aggregated demand andinflation rates of exogenous modifications of the policy instruments. The monetary policyconducted through the repo interest rate has the standard effects predicted by thenew-keynesian framework. But changes in the compulsory reserve requirement rate maygenerate, under different scenarios, totally different reactions on economic activity, andlittle quantitative effects on inflation rates and aggregate demand. Therefore this lastpolicy instrument appears to be uneffective and unreliable.

Suggested Citation

  • Juan David Prada Sarmiento, 2008. "Financial Intermediation and Monetary Policy in a Small Open Economy," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 005010, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
  • Handle: RePEc:col:000094:005010
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Christian Glocker & Pascal Towbin, 2012. "Reserve Requirements for Price and Financial Stability: When Are They Effective?," International Journal of Central Banking, International Journal of Central Banking, vol. 8(1), pages 65-114, March.
    2. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Alper, Koray & Pereira da Silva, Luiz, 2018. "External shocks, financial volatility and reserve requirements in an open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 83(C), pages 23-43.
    3. Christian Bustamante, 2011. "Política monetaria contracíclica y encaje bancario," BORRADORES DE ECONOMIA 008202, BANCO DE LA REPÚBLICA.
    4. Agénor, Pierre-Richard & Alper, Koray & Pereira da Silva, Luiz A., 2014. "Sudden floods, macroprudential regulation and stability in an open economy," Journal of International Money and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 48(PA), pages 68-100.
    5. Martha R. Lã“Pez & Juan David Prada, 2010. "Optimal Monetary Policy and Asset Prices: The case of Colombia," Revista ESPE - Ensayos Sobre Política Económica, Banco de la República - ESPE, vol. 28(61), pages 167-197, August.
    6. Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Obando, Nataly & Posada, Carlos Esteban, 2012. "Los salarios reales a lo largo del ciclo económico en Colombia," Chapters, in: Arango-Thomas, Luis Eduardo & Hamann-Salcedo, Franz Alonso (ed.), El mercado de trabajo en Colombia : hechos, tendencias e instituciones, chapter 13, pages 545-585, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    7. Carrera, César, 2012. "Políticas de Encajes y Modelos Económicos," Working Papers 2012-006, Banco Central de Reserva del Perú.
    8. Johana Maritsa Hernández Henao, 2013. "Demanda externa, términos de intercambio y el papel de la política monetaria durante la crisis de 2008," Documentos de Investigación - Research Papers 7, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    E32; E44; E52; F41;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E32 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Prices, Business Fluctuations, and Cycles - - - Business Fluctuations; Cycles
    • E44 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Money and Interest Rates - - - Financial Markets and the Macroeconomy
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • F41 - International Economics - - Macroeconomic Aspects of International Trade and Finance - - - Open Economy Macroeconomics

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