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How important is intra-household risk sharing for savings and labor supply?

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  • Siassi, Nawid
  • Ortigueira, Salvador

Abstract

While it is recognized that the family is primarily an institution for risk sharing, little is known about the quantitative effects of this informal source of insurance on savings and labor supply. In this paper, we present a model where workers (females and males) are subject to idiosyncratic employment risk and where capital markets are incomplete. A household is formed by a female and a male, who make collective decisions on consumption, savings and labor supplies. We find that intra-household risk sharing has its largest impact among wealthpoor households. While the wealth-rich use mainly savings to smooth consumption across unemployment spells, wealth-poor households rely on spousal labor supply. For instance, for low-wealth households, average hours worked by wives of unemployed husbands are 8% higher than those worked by wives of employed husbands. This response in wives’ hours makes up 9% of lost family income. We also study the crowding out effects of public unemployment insurance on other sources of private insurance, and consumption losses upon an unemployment spell

Suggested Citation

  • Siassi, Nawid & Ortigueira, Salvador, 2011. "How important is intra-household risk sharing for savings and labor supply?," UC3M Working papers. Economics we1132, Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Departamento de Economía.
  • Handle: RePEc:cte:werepe:we1132
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    Cited by:

    1. Doepke, M. & Tertilt, M., 2016. "Families in Macroeconomics," Handbook of Macroeconomics, Elsevier.
    2. Gravert, Jan Hendrik & Bredemeier, Christian & Jüßen, Falko, 2015. "Estimates of Labor-Supply Elasticities with Joint Borrowing Constraints of Couples," Annual Conference 2015 (Muenster): Economic Development - Theory and Policy 113115, Verein für Socialpolitik / German Economic Association.
    3. Chunzan Wu & Dirk Krueger, 2018. "How Much Consumption Insurance in Bewley Models with Endogenous Family Labor Supply?," NBER Working Papers 24472, National Bureau of Economic Research, Inc.
    4. Lina Cardona-Sosa & Luz Adriana Flórez & Leonardo Morales Zurita, 2016. "Intra-household labour supply after an unemployment event: The added worker effect," Borradores de Economia 944, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    5. Bredtmann, Julia & Otten, Sebastian & Rulff, Christian, 2014. "Husband's Unemployment and Wife's Labor Supply – The Added Worker Effect across Europe," Ruhr Economic Papers 484, RWI - Leibniz-Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung, Ruhr-University Bochum, TU Dortmund University, University of Duisburg-Essen.
    6. Fehr, Hans & Kallweit, Manuel & Kindermann, Fabian, 2017. "Families and social security," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 91(C), pages 30-56.
    7. Aysit Tansel & Zeynel Abidin Ozdemir, 2016. "Unemployment Invariance Hypothesis, Added and Discouraged Worker Effects in Canada?," Working Papers 2016/3, Turkish Economic Association.
    8. Bredemeier, Christian & Gravert, Jan & Juessen, Falko, 2016. "Estimating Labor-Supply Elasticities with Joint Borrowing Constraints of Couples," IZA Discussion Papers 10267, Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA).
    9. Valladares-Esteban, Arnau & Choi, Sekyu, 2016. "On households and unemployment insurance," Discussion Paper Series In Economics And Econometrics 1508, Economics Division, School of Social Sciences, University of Southampton.
    10. Guler, Bulent & Taskin, Temel, 2013. "Does unemployment insurance crowd out home production?," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 62(C), pages 1-16.
    11. Nawid Siassi, 2014. "Inequality and the Marriage Gap," 2014 Meeting Papers 941, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    12. Javier Fernandez-Blanco, 2017. "Unemployment Risks and Intra-Household Insurance," 2017 Meeting Papers 478, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    13. Rossi, Mariacristina & Trucchi, Serena, 2016. "Liquidity constraints and labor supply," European Economic Review, Elsevier, vol. 87(C), pages 176-193.
    14. repec:zbw:rwirep:0484 is not listed on IDEAS
    15. Eduardo A. Cavallo & Tomás Serebrisky & Verónica Frisancho & Jonathan Karver & Andrew Powell & Diego Margot & Ancor Suárez-Alemán & Eduardo Fernández-Arias & Matías Marzani & Solange Berstein & Marian, 2016. "Saving for Development: How Latin America and the Caribbean Can Save More and Better," IDB Publications (Books), Inter-American Development Bank, number 94597 edited by Eduardo A. Cavallo & Tomás Serebrisky, February.
    16. Guin, Benjamin, 2017. "Culture and household saving," Working Paper Series 2069, European Central Bank.
    17. Christian Bredemeier, 2015. "Household Specialization and the Labor-Supply Elasticities of Women and Men," Working Paper Series in Economics 81, University of Cologne, Department of Economics.
    18. Fang Yang & Mariacristina De Nardi, 2016. "The Insurance Role of Marriage," 2016 Meeting Papers 427, Society for Economic Dynamics.
    19. repec:idb:idbbks:7677 is not listed on IDEAS

    More about this item

    Keywords

    Intra-household risk sharing;

    JEL classification:

    • D13 - Microeconomics - - Household Behavior - - - Household Production and Intrahouse Allocation
    • D91 - Microeconomics - - Micro-Based Behavioral Economics - - - Role and Effects of Psychological, Emotional, Social, and Cognitive Factors on Decision Making
    • E21 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Consumption, Saving, Production, Employment, and Investment - - - Consumption; Saving; Wealth

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