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Insurance and Opportunities: The Welfare Implications of Rising Wage Dispersion

  • Jonathan Heathcote

    ()

    (Department of Economics New York University)

  • Kjetil Storesletten

This paper analyses the welfare effects of changes in cross-sectional wage dispersion, using a class of tractable heterogeneous-agent economies. We emphasize a trade-off in the welfare calculation that arises when labour supply is endogenous. On the one hand, as wage uncertainty rises, so does the cost associated with missing insurance markets. On the other hand, greater wage inequality presents opportunities to increase aggregate productivity by concentrating market work among more productive workers. We find that the observed rise in wage dispersion in the United States over the past three decades implies a welfare loss roughly equivalent to a 2.5% decline in lifetime consumption. Assuming Cobb-Douglas preferences, this number is the result of a welfare gain of around 5% from the endogenous increase in productivity coupled with a loss of around 7.5% associated with greater volatility in consumption and leisure.

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Paper provided by Society for Economic Dynamics in its series 2005 Meeting Papers with number 107.

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Date of creation: 2005
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Handle: RePEc:red:sed005:107
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  24. Gianluca Violante & Jonathan Heathcote & Kjetil Storesletten, 2005. "A Tractable Framework for Understanding Dispersion in Labor Supply and Consumption," 2005 Meeting Papers 291, Society for Economic Dynamics.
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  29. Heathcote, Jonathan & Storesletten, Kjetil & Violante, Giovanni L, 2004. "The Cross-Sectional Implications of Rising Wage Inequality in the United States," CEPR Discussion Papers 4296, C.E.P.R. Discussion Papers.
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