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El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima

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  • Hernando Vargas
  • Pamela Cardozo

Abstract

Se analizan tres tipos de modelos para determinar cuándo, bajo un esquema de inflación objetivo, el Banco Central (BC) debe utilizar los encajes como una herramienta de política monetaria óptima. En todos los casos el BC busca minimizar una función objetivo que consta de las desviaciones de la inflación de su meta, y del producto y los encajes de sus niveles respectivos de largo plazo. En un modelo de economía cerrada encontramos que la política monetaria óptima es fijar los encajes en su nivel adecuado de largo plazo y ajustar la tasa de interés de política para enfrentar los distintos choques que afecten a la economía. En un segundo modelo de economía abierta con los mismos objetivos del BC y en otro de economía cerrada en donde en la función objetivo del BC incluye adicionalmente la estabilidad financiera, los encajes sí forman parte de la respuesta de política monetaria óptima ante choques macroeconómicos. La pertinencia, la magnitud y la dirección del movimiento de éstos depende de los parámetros de la economía y de los choques a los que ésta se enfrente.

Suggested Citation

  • Hernando Vargas & Pamela Cardozo, 2012. "El uso de encajes en un marco de política monetaria óptima," Borradores de Economia 716, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
  • Handle: RePEc:bdr:borrec:716
    DOI: 10.32468/be.716
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    References listed on IDEAS

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    Cited by:

    1. Urrutia, Miguel & Hofstetter, Marc & Hamann, Franz, 2014. "Inflation Targeting in Colombia, 2002-2012," IDB Publications (Working Papers) 6394, Inter-American Development Bank.
    2. Luis Eduardo Arango & Ximena Chavarro & Eliana González, 2014. "Commodity price shocks and inflation within an optimal monetary policy framework: the case of Colombia," Borradores de Economia 858, Banco de la Republica de Colombia.
    3. Holmes, Mark J. & Iregui, Ana María & Otero, Jesús, 2019. "Interest rate convergence across maturities: Evidence from bank data in an emerging market economy," The North American Journal of Economics and Finance, Elsevier, vol. 49(C), pages 57-70.
    4. Luis Eduardo Arango Thomas & Ximena Chavarro & Eliana González, 2015. "Commodity Price Shocks and Inflation within an Optimal Monetary Policy Framwork: the case of Colombia," Monetaria, Centro de Estudios Monetarios Latinoamericanos, CEMLA, vol. 0(2), pages 203-249, July-Dece.

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    More about this item

    Keywords

    Encajes Bancarios; Inflación Objetivo; Política Monetaria.;
    All these keywords.

    JEL classification:

    • E51 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Money Supply; Credit; Money Multipliers
    • E52 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Monetary Policy
    • E58 - Macroeconomics and Monetary Economics - - Monetary Policy, Central Banking, and the Supply of Money and Credit - - - Central Banks and Their Policies

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